Historical Figures

55. Sardar Patel's lion-roar shook the Ghori government

Last updated:2022-07-25

After sending Sardar Patel to jail, the Ghori government broke the agreements of Borsad and Bardoli and started collecting increased taxes from the people. The peasants were forced to start the old movement again. When police atrocities increased, many farmers fled into the forests with their families and cattle. The policemen targeted the children and women left in the villages.

In fact, the image of the Indian police, which was spoiled by the British, could not improve even after independence. The police never considered themselves to be public servants. When Sardar came out of jail, he too jumped into the movement. The confidence of the public returned after having him with them. Meanwhile, a British officer made a statement that if all the farmers did not pay taxes, the government would snatch everyone's land.

To this the Sardar replied that if the government would snatch the land of all the farmers, then on whom would it rule? Sardar exhorted the farmers not to be afraid of confiscation of land. The confiscated land will be returned again. Sardar's lion-roar frightened the government and again banned Patel from giving speeches.

In 1930, after the report of the Simon Commission, the Government of India made up its mind to form a federation of eleven British provinces and 566 princely states. To discuss this subject with the political parties of India, the rulers of the princely states and representatives of other organizations, a Round Table Conference was organized in London on 12 November 1930.

The Congress refused to participate in this conference because the Congress had declared the goal of complete independence and the creation of a colonial state was to be considered in this conference. It was natural for the conference to fail due to the non-participation of the Congress, but all the other Indian parties present in the First Round Table Conference agreed that British Indian provinces and native states should form a federation.

Sardar gave a simple speech at the inauguration of a Khadi store in Bombay in December 1930, but he was imprisoned because the government had banned him from giving speeches. This time he was jailed for 9 months.

When the First Round Table Conference of 1930 failed, the Second Round Table Conference was called in 1931. The government knew that unless the Congress came to the Round Table Conference, the conference would not be successful. All the big leaders of the Congress were in jail at that time, so by issuing a special order on 25 January 1931, the Government of India released 26 top Congress leaders so that the Congress could be persuaded to participate in the Second Round Table Conference. Sardar Patel was also among the leaders to be released.