Historical Figures

Elżbieta Granowska (ca.1370? -1420)

Last updated:2022-07-25

Elżbieta Granowska

The Queen of Poland, the third wife of Władysław Jagiełło. Most likely she was born between 1370 and 1380, the first date is often given. She was the daughter of Otto of Pilicz, Topór coat of arms and Jadwiga Melsztyńska of Leliwa coat of arms, who in 1386 also became the godmother of Władysław Jagiełło. Otto died in 1385, leaving his only daughter a significant fortune, which probably caused her to be kidnapped first by the Moravian nobleman Wiszla Czambora, and then by the knight Jenczik of Jičín, who killed Wiszla.

A few years later, in 1397, her relative, Spytek of Melsztyn, who was caring for Elżbieta, married her to the castellan of Nakło and later to Wincenty Granowski, the general governor of Greater Poland. The latter died in 1410. We do not know exactly what circumstances accompanied Władysław Jagiełło's decision to marry Elżbieta. Sometimes it is reported that, having been disappointed in his surroundings in the context of Anna Cylejska, he decided to choose another wife personally, without encountering much resistance among the gentlemen, some of whom were related to Elizabeth. On the other hand, Elżbieta was supposed to be exceptionally beautiful.

The wedding took place on May 2, 1417 in the parish church in Sanok. Due to the fact that her mother was also the king's godmother, it was necessary to obtain a papal dispensation. Having broken a bit more resistance, Władysław Jagiełło also led to the coronation of his wife, which took place on November 19, 1417. There are no known specific facts about her political or cultural activities. In 1419 she became seriously ill and died on May 12, 1420. She was buried in the Chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Wawel Cathedral.