Historical Figures

Henry II(1519 – 1559)

Last updated:2022-07-25

Second son of Francis I, Henry became King of France on the death of his father in 1547. His personal life and his political influence is shared by his wife Catherine de Medici and his mistress Diane de Poitiers. During his reign, he severely represses the Protestants who are in full swing. He recovers Calais and Boulogne from the English then fights against Charles Quint and his son Philippe II of Spain (defeat of Saint-Quentin 1557). He died injured in the eye during a knighthood tournament organized for the wedding of his daughter Elisabeth (near Place des Vosges in Paris).

François I François II