History of Europe

Civilization of the Celts - History of the Civilization of the Celts

Last updated:2022-07-25

There is a question that every historian or student of history asks:How are such an important and interesting people as the Celts generally forgotten?

Due to the lack of original data and documents, much of the history of the Celts is hypothetical. It is known today that it spanned 19 centuries, from 1800 BC. — when, culturally, the Celts became individualized among the other Indo-European peoples — until the 1st century AD, a time of decadence motivated by the disunity between their various tribes and the Roman invasion of the lands they occupied.

The most brilliant period of Celtic history takes place, approximately, between 725 and 480 BC, in the Hallstatt Age, the beginning of the Iron Celtic civilization and, also, of the invasion of Europe. The Celts settled in an immense region of the present-day Czech, Slovak, Austria, southern Germany, eastern France and Spain, reaching Great Britain. In this phase, the particular traits of Celtic civilization were consolidated.

The Celts were the first civilized people in Europe. They arrived on this continent along with the first wave of colonization still in 4000 BC. They stood out from other peoples who arrived at the same time because they believed in a promised land and went in search of it. In 1800 BC they already had their culture and territory fully established, while the Greeks and Romans never dreamed of being born (and some say they are Celtic colonies).

They occupied the region of Germany, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, France and England. They weren't very calm and peaceful, to have an idea of ​​how warriors they were, for a boy to be considered a man he had to pass a test that consisted of leaving the city where he lived, leaving his region, and bringing the head of any non-Celtic person. Only with his head in his hand was a tattoo made on his body that said he was now a grown man. ... By the way, in terms of Celtic rituals, there are many, much more interesting ones, click here to find out more.

They came to develop a writing, it is so complex that today there are few who dare to unravel it. Writing was considered magical, and only its priests learned it, these were the famous druids. They invented beautiful legends, which are among the most famous nowadays, such as the stories of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, Tristan and Isolde, in addition to having invented almost all fairy tales (which were modified with the time )

Undoubtedly, they were a people with a lot of science combined with a lot of mysticism. There are practically inexplicable reports, such as the one of a heart transplant operation, performed in 1000 BC, and the one of flying ships that gave off smoke as they descended and landed in the middle of the fields of England. They used the Stonehenge monument with great perfection, which they say they didn't build... another mystery among the many that surround it.

They had a very peculiar family structure, if they considered themselves animals, they believed in an infinity of gods and demons, by the way, did you know that the nice little elves with their pots of gold are an invention of the Celts, but in this story they are not funny at all, they are terribly mean and sarcastic.

And in a culture with so many legends, so many evil beings, they also had great heroes... and be surprised, the greatest of these heroes was a woman, and her greatest heroic act was being able to generate several children a year, 7 to 8, during every year. And with heroes wanting to defeat demons, they had very interesting sacred artifacts, there are 4 of them that influenced practically our entire imagination.