Although some British historians have described the British as having the role of referee in the fight between the Congress and the Muslim League, the reality was that till now the British power had been supporting the Muslim League more. She was like that unscrupulous referee who would secretly throw two punches at an opponent she didn't like when she got a chance. Often these punches fell on the Congress because the Congress wanted India's independence under any circumstances while the Muslim League had blocked the way for India's independence through the demand for Pakistan.
Nehru saved the country
After discussions with Indian leaders, Mountbatten prepared a plan for the partition of India, which is called the Mountbatten Plan. The Viceroy sent this plan to London along with Lord Ismay for the approval of the British Government in early May 1947. In the plan of India's independence, Lord Mountbatten proposed that India would be given independence in the form of two independent countries, of which one piece would be Pakistan and the other would be India. The Pakistani territories will not be decided by the British, but will be decided by the Indians themselves.
Each of the 11 British provinces under the British would have an independent right to decide whether to join Pakistan or India. If the people of any British province want, that province can make its territory an independent country by refusing to join with either India or Pakistan. Mountbatten's reasoning behind doing this was that neither India nor Pakistan should be imposed on the subjects. The subjects were completely free to make their own decisions. The subjects who want to meet in Pakistan, they should meet in Pakistan. Whoever wants to join India, he should become a part of India. The one who wants to stay separate from both of them, he should be happily separated. The process of its decision was to be done through the long-running Legislative Assemblies in the British Provinces.
The same procedure was proposed by Mountbatten for about 565 princely states located in India, according to which each princely state would have the right to meet in India, whether it should be found in Pakistan, whether to remain independent or some princely states together for themselves. Make a separate country. Thus Mountbatten ignored the cabinet mission plan and took the dangerous path of Cripps mission to build Pakistan.
This was a very dangerous plan which would have broken the country into pieces and India would have been scattered like the Balkan islands. The country of India does not exist at all. After leaving India, the British-province and the princely-princely states would have become such a bunch of different countries which were thirsty for each other's blood. Neither the Congress leaders nor the leaders of the Muslim League had ever imagined such an independent India.
With this independence, the country could wait for independence by being under the British until India was able to be independent in one form, one and one soul. When Mountbatten sent the plan for the partition of India-Pakistan to England, then one day he showed the draft of this plan to Jawaharlal Nehru. By that time Jawaharlal Nehru had become a close friend of Mountbatten's wife Edwina.
Together they used to smoke cigarettes, travel together and talk for hours on Indian politics with sips of tea and dinner knives. Mountbatten believed that the English-educated Nehru, who was an advocate of free-thinking and personal freedom, would honestly agree on seeing this plan, but the exact opposite happened. Jawaharlal Nehru was furious on seeing this plan.
He was the interim Prime Minister of Akhand Bharat and the chair of the Prime Minister of Akhand and Independent India was still floating in his eyes, which he was never going to get. If he had accepted this plan, he would probably have been the prime minister of a country that was not supposed to exist. Out of about six hundred countries formed on the basis of this plan, hardly anyone would have been ready to make him the Prime Minister.
He refused to accept this plan in very harsh words. Mountbatten was disappointed to hear Jawaharlal's answer, but he told Jawaharlal himself that it was okay that he would cancel the plan sent to London and soon a new plan would be prepared and shown to Jawaharlal.