Archaeological discoveries



General condition

Luan Rit Community is located at the intersection of Wat Tuek, Yaowarat Road, with an area of ​​approximately 7 rai.

Height above mean sea level

4 meters


Chao Phraya River

Geological conditions

Holocene sediments

Archaeological Era

historical era


Rattanakosin period, the reign of King Rama V

Types of archaeological sites


archaeological essence

Luan Rit Community is located at the intersection of Wat Tuek, Yaowarat Road, with an area of ​​approximately 7 rai, under the supervision of the Crown Property Bureau. The community consists of Thai people of Chinese descent and Thai people of Indian descent. The community has grown in parallel with Yaowarat Road. Originally, this plot of land belonged to Khun Ying Luan. Luang Rit's wife, Mr. Vere, the villagers called this area Luan Rit. Later, Khun Ying Luan sold the land to the Phra Klang next to it. and has developed into a commercial shophouse It was completed in the reign of King Rama V. It is considered to be the first commercial building in Thailand. It's a traveler's rental room. There is a teahouse located in the community. Later, Hakka Chinese or Hakka Chinese moved to take possession and live until they became one of the most important Chinese neighborhoods in Bangkok. known as "Xiang Hudu" until when the fabric industry grows more Indians and other Chinese people Has come to sell the building and operate a wholesale and retail business of fabric including other products (

Around 2001, the community received a letter of termination of rent. therefore gathered together and negotiated with the Crown Property Bureau Later, the office gave the opportunity for the original owners to form a company and entered into a lease agreement to renovate and improve buildings and areas in the form of conservation buildings and through the joint effort and joint ventures of all villagers, Luenrit Community Company Limited signed a lease agreement with the office in 2012, etc. Model of community conservation and participation in urban development (

In the year 2012, the Luen Rit community gathered together to establish a company. Communities Deerrit Co., Ltd. To carry out conservation of buildings and areas of that community. During the survey of building conditions to design conservation Has conducted an archaeological study project in Luen Rit community area by means of archaeological excavation in 2 phases:the first phase, in 2013, the building was excavated in order to use the information for further design and renovation of the building The second phase, in 2014-2015, during the renovation of the building. archaeological excavations were conducted Around the road in Soi Luanrit to check for traces of living and the use of space in the past (Kannikar Suthiratayapirom 2019)

important archaeological evidence (Kannikar Suthiratayapirom 2019)

Luen Rit Community Area, originally used to belong to Khun Ying Luen. The wife of Luang Ritthinai Ver (Put Thephasdin, son of Phraya Chaisurin. The former land owner) later, Khun Ying postponed the sale of this area to the Royal Treasury Department next door in 1909. The Royal Treasury Department next door had built a shophouse for further lease.

From archaeological excavations, additional knowledge was obtained as follows:

1. Foundations of the sliding row houses

The floors of the sliding row houses are lined with cement tiles, primed with lime with a thickness of 4 cm and filled with sand with a thickness of 3 cm. The foundations of the building are weight-bearing walls with a thickness of 80 cm, with 14 brick-layers arranged in a 5-storey stairway arrangement under the brick foundations with mortar. Thickness of about 26 cm. Under the mortar is a layer of broken bricks, adjusted for an area of ​​approximately 20 cm thick, and the area under the mortar layer is laid with wooden needles with a diameter of about 15 - 18 cm. The needles of each tree are arranged approximately 16 - 23 cm apart.

2. Same Road

From excavations, the original road was paved with bricks. Depth from the soil surface about 50 centimeters, arranged in two layers of bricks. The lower brick is placed horizontally, alternating the short side and the long side. Later, the road was renovated by filling it with a layer of sand about 5 - 10 centimeters thick and then laying bricks on the top floor. By using the brick ridge to arrange

From archaeological excavations at the 14th dig site, it was revealed that the road was built over the former road that was paved with clay tiles. However, some of the roads found were disturbed by modern drainage ditches that overlapped. During the period of the former land of Khunying Luenrit There used to be a market and a theater. There were wooden shophouses, which also showed traces of a large number of scraps of roof tiles falling on the roadside. Various items that indicate the way of life of the people who have postponed their powers in the past. In addition to the fragments of local pottery, Chinese, European and Japanese wares, mahjongs, glass bottles that are B-grimm's perfume bottles, glass plates, horseshoes, Rama V coins, cockles, nautilus, mussels and pig bones were also found.

Kannikar Sutheerattanapirom,
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