Historical Figures

12. Prithviraj Chauhan has come to play a role on the stage of history!

In AD 1180, at the age of only 14, King Prithviraj Chauhan took all the rights of the state from his mother and removed the ministers and officers of his faith appointed in all the high posts of the state and removed the ministers and officers of his faith. Appointed.

Probably the time of preservation was less than about two years. King Prithviraj's ambition and ability to conduct work could be the reason for taking the authority in his hands only at the young age of 14-15 years.

All this happened so quickly that even historians have expressed surprise over it. King Prithviraj Chauhan reduced the power of Kadambavas or Kaimas Dahiya, who was working as the Prime Minister during the rule of his father and his mother, and made Pratap Singh the authority in his place.

Probably Prithviraj considered the power of the old Prime Minister Kadambavas to be an obstacle in the way of his ambitions and made him insignificant and appointed many trusted officers in the state, in which Pratap Singh was particularly notable.

Prime Minister Kadambavas did not live long. Some historians have written that the fate of Prithviraj removed Kadambavas from the path of Prithviraj. The author of Prithviraj Raso has written the murder of Kadambavas by Prithviraj himself and in the Prithviraj Prabandha the reason for Kadambavas's death has been told to Pratap Singh.

Dr. Dashrath Sharma does not consider King Prithviraj or Minister Pratap Singh to be the cause of the death of Prime Minister Kadambavas because the details of the murder are based on later texts.

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It is difficult to say how much truth is there in the stories related to death, but the plans of Prithviraj's power-organization indicate that Prithviraj must have considered Kadambavas an obstacle in the fulfillment of his ambitions and must have found a way out of it.

Dr. Gopinath Sharma has written that it is not impossible to get Pratap Singh's cooperation in this work. This hypothesis is confirmed by the absence of mention with important events anywhere after Kadambavas' AD 1180.

The chief commander of Prithviraj, Skanda was a Nagar Brahmin of Gujarat. Other generals of Prithviraj included Bhuvanikamal, brother of King Prithviraj's maternal grandfather, Udayaraj, Udag, Katia, Govind and Gopal Singh Chauhan. After the death of Kadambavas, Pt. Padmanabha was made the Prime Minister. The ministers of Prithviraj included Jayanak, Vidyapati Gaur, Vasishwar Janardan, Vishwaroop and many ministers like Rambhatta, Pratap Singh etc. Of these, Jayanak composed the Prithviraj epic. Rambhatta became famous in history by the name Chandbardayi. He composed the initial volume of poetry called Prithviraj Raso.

Having thus taken control of the internal structure of governance, he undertook to start his policy of conquest. Shortly after Prithviraj's accession to the throne, his father's cousin Aparagangya raised the flag of rebellion. He captured Gurgaon which is now called Gurgaon and Gurugram.

Prithviraj defeated Apargangya and got him killed. On this Aparganga's younger brother Nagarjuna ignited the rebellion and captured Gurgaon. Prithviraj again attacked Gurgaon. Nagarjuna's army was led by a general named Devabhatta. Nagarjuna's army was very large and the commander Devbhatta was also brave but Nagarjuna himself lacked courage.

When Prithviraja's army came to fight, Nagarjuna quietly escaped from Gurgaon during the night, but Nagarjuna's mother, wife, children and other family members fell in the hands of Prithviraj. Prithviraj took him captive.

In this war, Prithviraj got immeasurable wealth. According to Prithviraj Vijay, King Prithviraj Chauhan captured many rebels and brought them to Ajmer and put them to death and put their heads on the walls and gates of the city so that other enemies could not dare to raise their heads in future.

What happened to Nagarjuna, some details are not known. Abul Fazl has given the name of Nagarjuna as Nagdev in Ain-Akbari. Nagarjuna has been described in Prithviraj Raso. This proves that Abul Fazl may have got the mention of Nagarjuna from some other text.

During that period Bhandanak caste lived near Mathura, Bharatpur and Alwar in the northern part of the kingdom of Prithviraj Chauhan. Bhandanakas have been written as Bhadanaka in some texts. Nowadays there is abundance of dry fruits in this entire state.

Prithviraj Chauhan's uncle Vigraharaj (IV) had subordinated them but he did not get much success. When Nagarjuna, the son of Vigraharaj IV, revolted against Prithviraj Chauhan, the Bhandanakas supported Nagarjuna. So Prithviraj decided to punish the storekeepers.

Since the number of Bhandanakas was very large and they lived as a fighting community, Prithviraj Chauhan made a lot of preparations for this war march. At present, Prithviraj's camp was set up near Narayan Railway Station located on Ajmer-Ringus rail line.

Around AD 1182, Prithviraj Chauhan left for Digvijay. He attacked the storehouses and besieged their settlements. Many extortionists were killed and many fled to the north. This attack is described by the contemporary writer Jinpati Suri. It is written in Khatragachchh Pattawali that King Prithviraj Chauhan captured the elephant army of Bhandanakas.

After this attack, the power of the storekeepers was weakened forever. Since then there is no mention of Bhandanak caste in history. The result of the strong repression of the Bhandanakas was that the two axes of Prithviraj's kingdom - Ajmer and Delhi were tied in a political thread. Now the form of Chauhan state had become like an empire.

Watch in the next episode- Sixteen queens belonged to Emperor Prithviraj Chauhan!

-Doctor. Mohanlal Gupta