History quiz

Exercises on the civil-military dictatorship in Brazil (1964-1985)

Question 01 - EAD / UFPR 2016 - The revolution is distinguished from other armed movements by the fact that it translates not the interest and will of a group, but the interest and will of the Nation. (Excerpt from Institutional Act number 1, of April 9, 1964 .) Regarding the context of the beginning of the Brazilian civil-military dictatorship, consider the following statements:1. One of President João Goulart's actions, which contributed to his loss of legitimacy before part of the population, was the decree of the Superintendence of Agrarian Reform.2. The March of the Family with God for Freedom, held in São Paulo in March 1964, demonstrated that part of the population was dissatisfied with the direction of the Jango government.3. In defense of João Goulart's government, Brizola organized a significant military and popular action in Rio Grande do Sul.4. Many soldiers and civilians who assumed – or were kept – in power, in that context, had a strong connection with the Escola Superior de Guerra.5. One of the government's actions was the creation, in 1966, of the Fundo de Garantia por Tempo de Serviço, which had negative consequences for workers, such as the erosion of value due to monetary correction below inflation.6. Institutional Act nº 1 suspended the calendar for direct elections for the government of the States, which prevented opposition candidates from coming to power.7. In November 1964, the government's Economic Action Program was launched, through which it sought, among other objectives, to reduce the public sector deficit and control state spending. The following statements are true:a) 1, 3, 5 and 6 only.b) 2, 3, 4 and 6 only.c) 2, 4, 6 and 7 only.d) 1, 2, 4, 5 and 7 only. e) 1, 3, 4, 5 and 7 only.
Question 02 - FUVEST 2013 - Transfer – On March 13, 1964, the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo published an editorial entitled “The president outside the law”, in which the following words were read:It is, evidently, the last stage of the subversive movement that, by the way, , there is no doubt at all, it is led undisguised by the man from São Borja. And it is also time for the Armed Forces to finally define their ambiguous attitude towards the systematic destruction of the regime by Mr. João Goulart, supported by the communists. Luiz A. Dias. “Information and training:notes on the performance of the great São Paulo press in the 1964 coup”. N.Odalia &J.R. Boiler [orgs]. History of the State of São Paulo v.2. São Paulo:Imprensa Oficial, 2012, p.412. The text indicates that, in Brazil in 1964, a) there was a real possibility that João Goulart would hand over the country's government to the Soviet Union, which led public opinion to defend, democracy. b) at the time of the civil-military coup, both João Goulart and the Armed Forces maintained their traditional ambiguity regarding the country's major political issues. c) civil society was firmly mobilized in defense of the constitutional regime, which led her to depose both the government of João Goulart and the military that succeeded him. d) several major press organizations supported the civil-military coup, even contributing to the formation, in Brazilian public opinion, of a favorable climate for it. e) Estado de São Paulo was the only newspaper to have secret information about the military coup plotted in São Borja, and which had João Goulart as its commander.
Question 03 - IFMG - 2015/1 - “Editing AI-2 left no doubts about the political intentions of the new regime to perpetuate itself in power. At the same time, however, it sought to give the regime a democratic façade:by extinguishing all the political parties then existing, it replaced them with two single parties:the National Renewal Alliance (Arena) – governing body – and the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB) – supposedly bringing together the opposition, but limited in its organization and in the field of public demonstrations.” (NAPOLITAN, Marcos. The Brazilian military regime:1964-1985. São Paulo:Current, 1998.) Regarding the first years of the civil-military dictatorship in Brazil, it is correct to say that:A) the coup that established the new regime was designed exclusively by the military , concerned with definitively removing civil society from politics. B) the civil-military regime practiced alignment with the United States , although the latter was against the establishment of an authoritarian government in Brazil, due to the defense of democratic values. C) the basis of the civil-military coup of 1964 can be seen in the defense of Basic Reforms by the military and business sectors and by the opposition of João Goulart, who thought that such reforms would harm the entry of foreign capital into the country. D) the National Security Law, enacted concurrently with the 1967 Constitution , intended to facilitate the performance of State security bodies against the so-called “internal enemies”.
Question 04 - UERR - 2017.1 - In 1964, almost all of Brazil's most important newspapers enthusiastically supported a coup d'état that overthrew the legitimate president, João Goulart, after an intense campaign of propaganda and destabilization. The cover of the newspaper O Globo of April 2, 1964, reproduced below, commemorated the coup that suppressed the constitutional democratic regime, stating that it was, on the contrary, a “resurgence of democracy”, even with the people losing the right to choose their government. The longest dictatorship in Brazilian history would begin there. About the Civil-Military Dictatorship (1964-1985), carefully read the alternatives below and tick the only correct statement :A) All the governors of the then Federal Territory of Roraima, appointed by the dictatorial government, were civilians.B) The 1964 coup was exclusively military, without the participation of civil sectors of the business community, churches or mass media. officially ended in 1985, the dictatorial period brought inflation under control, reduced the foreign debt and completed 21 years without any corruption scandal and showing full respect for human rights. D) The doctrine of National Security was shared by the generals who ruled Brazil, Argentina, Chile and Uruguay were dictatorial in the 1970s and 1980s, but there was no attempt at cooperation between these dictatorships. E) In 1968, AI-5 (Institutional Act n.º 5) destroyed the autonomy of the Judiciary and Legislative, allowing the president-dictator to close Congress, censor the media and arbitrarily arrest any citizen.
Question 05 - CEFET-MG - 2011-1 - Subsequent Technician - The Brazilian civil-military government (1964-1985) tried to prevent the manifestations of society. Despite this, movements opposing the authoritarian state gained strength. Among these various struggles promoted from 1977 onwards by entities representing society, the a) popular mobilization in the streets in favor of direct election for President. b) movement for broad, general and unrestricted Amnesty to annul the processes political lawsuits. c) campaign in defense of Human Rights against torture and evil -treatment of political prisoners of the military regime. d) program of basic reforms to promote structural changes in land systems , urban, banking and education of the country.
Question 06 - IFBA 2018 - Subsequent - The dictatorship implemented from 1964 to 1985 proclaimed itself as a revolution that resumed democracy in Brazil, threatened by communism, corruption and inflation. However, historians move towards an understanding that what happened in 1964 was a “Civil-Military” coup d'état. Because? A) It had the support of the whole society that took to the streets in marches against communism and remained silent in the face of the torture of militants opposed to the dictatorship. B) Because part of the coup soldiers were in the Reserve. C) Because he intended to return the government to civilians as soon as the “ enemy within” was defeated. D) Because, like every revolution, it cannot be done without the participation of the people, supporting the taking of power. E) Because sectors of high business, associated with international companies, and large landowners financed and organized conspiratorial and destabilizing associations during the João Goulart government and after it supported the regime.
Question 07 - IFRR 2015.1 - In 2014, the 50th anniversary of an event that left deep marks on the political history of contemporary Brazil was completed:the overthrow of President João Goulart by a group of soldiers supported by opposition civilians. The governments that followed this event had the following characteristics:I - The political and economic alignment with the capitalist bloc in the context of the Cold War; II - The use of political impeachment, prisons and torture as systematic methods of controlling the opposition; III - High rates of GDP growth and increasing disparity between rich and poor. They are associated with the Civil-Military Dictatorship only:(A) Item II(B) Items I and II(C) Items II and III(D) items I, II and III (E) Item III
Question 08 - EAD / UFPR 2016 - The process of redemocratization in Brazil after the civil-military dictatorship had some notable moments and elements, such as the 1988 Constitution. Regarding this context, number the right column according to its correspondence with the left column.1. First direct election for President of the Republic, since 1960.2. Peak of the Campaign for the Right Now.3. Indirect election for President of the Republic, with the victory of Tancredo Neves.4. Legislation re-establishes direct elections for the presidency of the Republic.5. Launch of the Cruzado Plan, which changed the name of the Brazilian currency from Cruzado to Cruzado.( ) 1984.( ) May 1985.( ) 1986.( ) 1989.( ) January 1985. Tick the alternative that presents the correct numbering of the right column, from top to bottom.a) 3 – 4 – 2 – 1 – 5.b) 3 – 1 – 2 – 4 – 5.c) 2 – 5 – 1 – 4 – 3.d) 4 – 1 – 5 – 3 – 2.e) 2 – 4 – 5 – 1 – 3.

Question 09 - UDESC 2019/2 - Since 1964, in Brazil, there has been the establishment of a regime that became popularly known as the Military Dictatorship, established after the deposition of the then president João Goulart. Some historians, such as Daniel Araão Reis Filho, claimed, however, the nomenclature of Civil-Military Dictatorship, insofar as the regime had civil participation. . The massive action of the clergy, especially by the CNBB, which, during the entire period of the dictatorship, feared the establishment of communism in Brazil.
B. Popular participation, which expressed support for the military government through elections for positions in the executive and legislative branches.
C. Demonstrations in support of the military, such as the 100,000 march and amnesty campaigns.
D. The participation of civilian politicians, media groups and businessmen, who supported the government of the military, supporting them.
E. The presence of civilians in executive positions.
INTRODUCTION 01 - D02 - D03 - D04 - E05 - D06 - E07 - D08 - E
09 - D