Captain of engineering, then elected to the Legislative. A member of the Convention, he took part in the war committee where he linked up with Carnot. He will fight the royalist insurrection of vendémiaire. He was one of the five directors from 1795 to 1797 where he took care of the navy. Bonaparte appointed him prefect of Loire-Inférieure from 1800 to 1804 and then advised the Court of Auditors. He was exiled as a regicide in 1816.
King of France, he was the youngest of Louis XVI, he reigned during two successive Restorations (1814- 1815, 1815-1824). He married Louise de Savoie with whom he had no children. He went into exile in 1791, and took the title of regent and Louis XVIII after the death of his nephew the Dauphin Louis