The Holocaust committed by the Nazis during World War II was based on pseudoscientific beliefs that pointed to Germans (Germans in particular) as:
- A people of Indo-European origin, like all other peoples in the world.
- A people of Aryan origin, equal to all other European and Asian peoples, being superior only to Africans.
- A people of Latin origin, whose race would be superior to all others that exist on Earth.
- A people of Jewish origin, superior to the Aryans.
- Members of the Aryan race, emerged in northern Europe and superior to all other peoples, especially the Jews.
The reason adopted by the Nazis to carry out the holocaust of different peoples resided in a supposed scientific theory, in which the Aryans would be a superior race to several other peoples that existed in the world. Faced with this, point to the alternative that indicates a people that was not targeted of the Nazi holocaust.
(UFRN) The German philosopher Theodor Adorno, reflecting on aspects of 20th century western society, came to the conclusion that “People who blindly fit into collectivities become something analogous to raw matter and omit themselves as self-determining beings. This combines with the willingness to treat others as an amorphous mass [...] What exemplified only a few Nazi monsters can be observed today in a large number of people, such as juvenile delinquents, gang bosses and the like, who populate the news in the newspapers. , daily [...] People of this nature are in a way similar to things. Then, if they succeed, they equate others to things. The expression 'end them off', as popular in the world of bullies as in the Nazis, reveals this idea very well.”
COHN, Gabriel (org). Theodor Adorno . São Paulo:Ática, 1986. p. 40.
The event in the history of Germany that, in the 20th century, served as the basis for Adorno's reflections in the previous fragment was:
- the political rise of the junker – large landowners, conservatives, Protestants – who had benefited from the rise in prices after the Franco-Prussian War.
- the aggressive foreign policy of the Third Reich, claiming territories from Poland, which would eventually be invaded by Hitler.
- the policy of maintaining Aryan “race purity”, with the elimination of races or elements considered inferior, especially the Jews.
- the seizure of power by the German Communist Party, which preached the socialist revolution as an alternative to exit the economic crisis resulting from the Treaty of Versailles.
The history of the Holocaust was also marked by facts, places, theories and characters that passed into history as representatives from the dark historical period of the 20th century. From the information regarding the Holocaust, list the two groups of statements below, then indicate which pairs are completely correct.
- Anne Frank.
- Final Solution.
- Concentration camp located in Poland, where thousands of Jews and Roma were killed by the Nazi army.
- Racial theory that preached the supremacy of the Aryan race over the other races existing among human beings.
- Jewish girl who became famous for writing a diary in which she recounted daily life in a Jewish ghetto.
- Name given to the policy of mass extermination of Jews who were in concentration camps.
- Biological theory developed in the 19th century, which claimed that the differences between the various ethnicities indicated the superiority of one over the others.
Check the alternative where the pairs are correct:
- a-3; b-1; c-4; d-5; e-2.
- a-5; b-2; c-3; d-1; e-4.
- a-2; b-1; c-3; d-4; e-5.
- a-4; b-2; c-5; d-3; e-1.
- a-1; b-3; c-4; d-5; e-2.
Letter E . The Nazis considered themselves members of the Aryan race, an ethnicity that, due to its biological constitution, was superior to all other ethnicities.question 2
Letter C . The Nazis did not judge the Greeks as inferior, mainly because of their recognition of the development of Greek civilization in Classical Antiquity.question 3
Letter C .question 4
Letter A .