History quiz

Exercises on the genocide in Rwanda, 1994 - with feedback

Question 01 - UNESP - 2007 - 1st day - From April to July 1994, in Rwanda, a country in central Africa, the worsening conflict between the Tutsi and Hutu ethnic groups culminated in the death of more than 800,000 people, many victims of machete blows. The genocide committed by fanatical groups, as shown in the film Hotel Rwanda (shot in 2004), was not prevented by any of the contemporary powers, the United States or the countries of the European Community, because a) the economically developed nations traditionally show a lack of interest in history and riches of black Africa. b) the precariousness of the means of communication and information prevented knowledge of what was happening in Kigali, the capital of Rwanda. c) the international and democratic principle of non-intervention in the internal politics of free countries guided their behavior. d) effective military action was difficult, given the slow movement of troops on the uneven terrain of Africa. e) Rwanda's history is not very decisive for the internal political balance and for the international relations of developed nations.
Question 02 - Mackenzie 2007 - Day 4 - Rule number one was to kill. Rule number two, there was none. It was a hassle-free organization. (...) The councilor told us, one at a time, that from now on we should do nothing but kill the Tutsis. We understood very well that it was a definitive program. (...) Hutus of all stripes had suddenly become patriotic brothers without any political discord any more. We no longer played with political speeches. We were no longer “each to his own house”. And we'd hang out on the football field like a bunch of friends, and we'd go on affinity hunting. The excerpts referred to are from testimonies collected by journalist Jean Hatzfeld, and gathered in his book Umaseason de machetes. They are reports of genocidal criminals who perpetrated, in the mid-1990s, a terrible massacre of civilians. Tick ​​the alternative that mentions the country where this tragedy occurred. a) South Africa. b) Armenia. c) Rwanda. d) Ukraine. e) Chechnya.

Question 03 - UNEMAT - 2013 - CBM-MT - “Africa is the second largest and most populous continent in the world. It is also the continent with the highest number of lasting conflicts on the entire planet. Of a total of 54 countries that make up Africa, 24 are currently in civil war or armed conflict.”
Source:United Nations. Report on conflicts on the African continent, 2012, s/p.
It is correct to say that:
(A) American colonial domination imposed on the African continent a process of artificialization of borders that caused the unification of historically rival peoples in the same territory, the cause of most conflicts on the continent.
( B) African countries at war are called South Africa. The region is characterized by poverty, political instability, a precarious economy, epidemics, low social indicators and constant clashes between governments and rebels.
(C) African peoples, historical victims of territorial fragmentation built by European colonialism, still coexist with all kinds of rivalries, as demonstrated by the several regional wars, exemplified in the Rwandan conflict. These internal conflicts have as main causes the bankruptcy of the State, the battle for government control and the struggle for the autonomy of ethnic groups.
(D) With humanitarian aid, all countries at war in Africa are managing to rebuild economically, altering, deforming effective, the living conditions of the population.
(E) Currently, with formal political independence, the African continent is experiencing an economic advance and, consequently, a cessation of internal conflicts.

Question 04 - IFF - 2018 - The following image is a photo of part of the central region of the city of Kigali, capital of Rwanda (Africa), awarded the “Habitat Scroll of Honor Award” in recognition of its cleanliness, safety and conservation of the urban model in 2008.
Available at:http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/mundo/2016/05/ 1775276-paul-kagame-president-of-rwandarebuilds-the-country-to-his-image.shtml. Accessed on:06 Apr. 2018.
The print escapes stereotypes that emphasize an Africa seen only from the perspective of poverty, hunger, inter-tribal wars and safaris. These stereotypes lead us to the mistaken idea of ​​a wild continent “frozen” in time, inhabited by rough peoples incapable of coexisting with each other and of organizing themselves to build modern societies. Screenplay for the movie “Hotel Rwanda”. Mark the alternative that identifies, WITHOUT ERROR, aspects of the history of this African country:
a) The war of the 1990s was the result of the exacerbation of conflicts between rival Tutsi and Hutu ethnicities, carried out by European colonizers, who ended up creating the conditions of the genocide by not realizing, in time, the impossibility of coexistence between these two ethnic groups.
b) Despite the terrible civil war in Rwanda, in the 1990s, the ethnic conflicts exacerbated by European colonialism cooled down in the post-war period. and, among the ethnic groups, a way to purge the blame for the violence and killings caused by the conflict with the use, among other devices, of the traditional courts (Gacaca) was sought, which helped in the creation of conditions for interethnic sociability, in the pacification process and in the economic and social growth in the country.
c) This war represents a small demonstration of the impossibility of peaceful coexistence between different ethnic groups in the interior. within the same country, which can be considered as the main cause of violent conflicts in Africa and its consequent underdevelopment. The solution to the wars in Africa only passes through the constitution of a National State for each ethnic group existing on the continent.
d) The case of Rwanda, although extreme in terms of intertribal violence, was an isolated situation, considering the millenary character of always peaceful coexistence among the thousands of other ethnic groups present on the African continent.
e) The conflict in Rwanda only occurred because of the denial, on the part of the Rwandan tribal leaders, of a UN humanitarian intervention, which had already been approved by its Security Council since the first signs of violence between Tutsis and Hutus, at the end of the 19th century.

Question 05 - IF-MT - 2016 - IF-MT - Vestibular - First Semester - In one hundred days in 1994, in 100 days, about 800,000 people were massacred in Rwanda by ethnic Hutu extremists. About this historical fact, analyze the statements below.
I. The killing was mainly a result of the capitalist domination of Belgian imperialism over Rwanda, which, based on declared physical differences between the Tutsis and the Hutus, imposed a policy of "racial", "ethnic" difference, creating racial hatred among a population that historically it has a common origin, the Banyarwandas.
II. About 85% of Rwandans are Hutus, but the Tutsi minority has long dominated the country. In 1959, the Hutus overthrew the Tutsi monarchy and tens of thousands of Tutsis fled to neighboring countries.
III. On April 6, 1994, with the downing of the presidential plane, a civil war erupted that was the trigger for the beginning of the killing of Tutsi and Hutus. In 100 days of civil war, the daily death rate was higher than that of the Nazi concentration camps.
It is correct what is stated in:
a) II and III, only.
b ) I, II and III.
c) I and II, only.
d) II, only.
e) I, only.

Question 06 - INEP - 2012 - ENADE - International Relations - Élie Mizinge, one of the Hutu assassins who participated in the massacre in Rwanda in 1994, while serving time at the Rilima Penitentiary, declared:“All the great characters have turned their backs on our massacres. , humanitarians and international cameramen, bishops and priests, and ultimately even God.”
HATZFELD, J. A season of machetes:accounts of the genocide in Rwanda.São Paulo:Companhia das Letras, 2005. Whereas the events referred to in the excerpt above and the situation of international relations in the period of the conflict in Rwanda, evaluate the following statements. I. The non-intervention propagated by the new world order of the 1990s discouraged interference in internal affairs in countries whose presidents had been democratically elected.
II. In the above account, given by a member of the ethnic group responsible for the massacre in Rwanda, there is a distortion, since the religious did not encourage the aforementioned conflict.
III. The disregard of the main international actors with the massacre in Rwanda had as one of the reasons the fact that the region was, at that moment, uninteresting from a geopolitical and economic point of view.
IV. The weapons used in the Rwanda conflict were diverted from Eastern Europe by arms traffickers and their purchase was financed by the extraction of diamonds.
V. UN troops, the “blue berets”, mentioned in the report, were unable to prevent genocide, which shows the difficulty of the United Nations in responding adequately to the new demands in the field of security.
It is correct what is stated in
A) I and V, only.
B) III and V, only.
C) I, II and IV, only.
D) II, III and IV, only.
br />E) I, II, III, IV and V.

01 - E
02 - C
03 - C
04 - B
05 - B
06 - B