History quiz

Exercises on the Independence of the United States - with feedback

Question 01 - FGV 2012 - “We consider (...) that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by the Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights governments are instituted among men, which derive their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government threatens to destroy these ends, it is incumbent upon the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such manner as it may seem. most likely to provide security and happiness.” The United States Declaration of Independence. Rio de Janeiro:Zahar, 2004, p. 53. Regarding the United States Declaration of Independence, it is correct to say that:a) It defended the principle of equal rights for human beings, but condemned the right to rebellion as an affront to the social order. b) The radicalism of its formulation, with respect to the slaves' right of rebellion, provoked a strong reaction from slave owners throughout America. c) Its formulation was based on liberal-enlightenment ideas and ended up influencing other political movements in America and Europe. d) Influenced by Spanish treatise writers, the declaration defended the origin of divine power and condemned the disobedience of subordinates. e) The declaration maintained that governments could curtail the freedom of individuals in the name of collective security and happiness.
Question 02 - UNIFENAS 2015/2 - Morning - The independence of the United States, which took place on July 4, 1776, contributed to the end of the European Old Regime by stimulating similar movements in the other colonies of America and by contributing to the outbreak of the French Revolution. However, despite being avowedly enlightened and liberal, the so-called American Revolution was not able to promote:a) the rupture of the colonial pact with England. b) the abolition of slavery. c) the definitive separation between southerners and northerners.d) commercial relations with other European countries.e) the formation of a republican-inspired government.
Question 03 - UPF 2015 - In the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America, in 1776, the colonists, in the writing of Thomas Jefferson, recorded:These united colonies are, and have a right to be, free and independent States and every political connection between them and Great Britain. -Brittany is already and must be totally dissolved. It is correct to say that the affirmation of freedom and independence present in the document is related to:a) the interest of the Northern colonies to separate themselves from the Southern colonies, due to the obstacles that the southern slave-holding social organization created for capitalist development. b) the willingness of North American colonists to ally with revolutionary France, which offered them more promising opportunities for trade. c) the colonists' purpose of achieving political autonomy, while preserving the commercial monopoly, which favored the economy of the Northern colonies. d) the formalization of a political separation that, in practice, already existed, as evidenced by the commercial freedom enjoyed by both the Northern and Southern colonies. e) the reaction of North American settlers, based on the ideas of Enlightenment philosophers, against the attempt to reinforce the colonial exploitation measures imposed by England.
Question 04 - UFF/1997 - 1st Stage - "We hold the following truths to be self-evident:that all men are created equal; that they have received from their Creator certain inalienable rights; that among them are the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." (Declaration of Independence of the United States of America, July 2, 1776.) This passage denotes(A) the desire of the Continental Congress of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies to undertake profound reforms in the society of the new country.(B) ) the use of categories of Rational Natural Law, in the context of Enlightenment ideas. (C) that the Continental Congress, despite being rebellious to England, remained faithful to the ideals of absolutism, as the ideals it defended emanated from it. (D) influence of the reforms undertaken in the 18th century by the so-called "enlightened despots" of Europe. (E) ) that the delegates from the Thirteen Colonies had a naive and mistaken conception of human societies.
Question 05 - PUC-Campinas 2017 - The early days of the history of the United States as an independent nation were marked by the Declaration of Independence, which celebrated the legitimate search for opportunities, prosperity and happiness for all families, proclaiming values ​​that would later be associated with the so-called “American dream”. Subsequently, the (A) implementation of the Land Law as a priority measure after independence corroborated for the dissemination of these values, encouraging the settlement of immigrant families in small lots acquired at symbolic prices. (B) discovery of gold in California, which provoked an unbridled wave of migrations to the west, attracting even foreign workers. (C) promulgation of the Constitution of the United States, composed of a set of laws that ensured the end of slavery, universal suffrage and the federal system. (D) policy of indigenous removal accompanied by the creation of reservations, together with the campaign that respect for diversity and tolerance were pillars of American society. (E) transposition of borders to the south, through the Civil War, which resulted in the annexation of half of the territory previously belonging to Mexico, arousing the population's enthusiasm for the expansionist policy.
Question 06 - Mackenzie- SP - British laws intensified the differences between American colonists and the English Crown, provoking the struggle for independence. Among the objectives of these laws, the following stand out:a) increase royal revenue, prevent smuggling and inter-colonial trade, and recover the East India Company. b) increase the consumption of tea and sugar in the colony, force the use of postage stamps and increase the colony's exports. c) abolish slavery in the colonies, legally separate the Thirteen Colonies, and help Pennsylvania annex land in the West. d) recover the West India Company, open the port of Boston to friendly nations and increase the colony's imports. e) pay compensation to France, due to the English defeat in the Seven Years' War, revoke the Townshend Acts and favor local sugar producers.
Question 07 - UNIFENAS 2012/2 - Morning - From the reading of the texts below, correctly identify the historical moment to which they refer. The Statue of Liberty, a monument whose official name is “Liberty Enlightening the World”, is actually a French work. The idea for its construction came from Édouard Lefèbvre de Laboulaye, a French historian and politician who was a great admirer of the United States. After the end of the Civil War, in 1865, he proposed to the government of his country to send the Americans a gift to celebrate the centenary of the independence of the former English colony, celebrated in 1876. The project, entrusted to the Alsatian sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, it was supposed to symbolize the friendship between the two countries. (Historia Viva Magazine, issue 92, June 2011) The movement that culminated in the independence of the United States of America in 1776 can be correctly related to the ideals a) absolutists.b) feudal.c) mercantilists.d) socialists.e ) illuminists.
Question 08 - UEL 2007 - Read the following text:"[...] The independence and construction of the new republican regime was a project carried out by the elites of the colonies. Slaves, women and the poor are not the leaders of this movement. North American independence ( USA) is a white phenomenon, predominantly male and landowner or merchant. [...]'" Source:KARNAL, L. 'United States:from colony to independence'. São Paulo:context, 1990. (collection rethinking history). P. 67. Based on the text and on the knowledge about the independence process of the United States, it is correct to affirm that:a) The North American independence movement did not represent the union of the thirteen colonies by a single feeling of nation, but yes, a movement against British rule, fueled by anti-British sentiment. b) Independent North America, with the reforms of a democratic nature, abolished the differences between the inhabitants of the colony, instituting the practice of inclusion through a Liberal Constitution. c) The colonization of North America by England differed from that carried out in South America by the Spanish and Portuguese because it relied on the organization and assistance of the metropolis in this undertaking of conquest and exploration. d) The strength of Catholicism was predominant in the emancipation process, as it encouraged the spiritual growth of the population, the liberation of slaves and territorial expansion - growth that would only be possible by cutting ties with the metropolis. e) One of the problems presented in the period of struggles for US independence was the lack of a common project between the northern colonies and the southern colonies that did not agree on an agreement on how to enact the US Constitution of the North and the South.
FEEDBACK 01 - C02 - B03 - E04 - B05 - B06 - A 07 - E08 - A