Historical Figures

89. Patel instructed the Congress to launch a Satyagraha movement in the princely state of Hyderabad!

On 9 June 1947, the Nizam wrote a letter to the Viceroy Mountbatten, in which he expressed his displeasure openly - 'In the last few days I have seen the seventh clause (clause) of the Independence Bill as appeared in the newspapers. I regret that as has often been the case in the past months, the matter was thoroughly discussed with the political leaders and not even shown to them, let alone the representatives of the princely states.

It pains me to see that this bill not only unilaterally nullifies the treaties and agreements made with the British Government but also gives the impression that if Hyderabad could not become a part of Pakistan or Hindustan, then it would not be in the British Commonwealth either. Can stay

The treaties on the basis of which the British government had promised to protect my family and this state against foreign invasion and internal rebellion years ago have always been admired and supported.

Chief among these is the 1941 promise of Sir Stafford Cripps. I understood that I could fully trust the British army and promise. I agreed not to increase my army, I agreed not to produce weapons in my factories. And on the other hand, far from our consent, the bill was passed without consulting us or our government. You know that when you were in England, I had demanded that when the British leave India, we should also get the status of a colony.

I have always felt that the faithful friendship of over a century, in which we gave all our confidence to the British, would result in enough to allow us to remain in the Commonwealth without question. But now it seems that that too is being denied.

I still hope that no conflict will arise between me and the direct relationship between the British Government. Recently I was told that you have taken the burden on yourself that such an announcement will be made in the Parliament to make such relations possible.'

On this the Viceroy Mountbatten informed the Nawab that Hyderabad could not be given the status of a colony as it would be surrounded by a part of the country which would become the enemy in this situation.

The only way for Hyderabad in the eyes of the British government is to join India, but the officials of Hyderabad and the Political Department of the Government of India, running at the behest of Conard Corfield, advised the Nawab not to heed the advice of the Viceroy. Mane.

On 7 August 1947, the Congress started a Satyagraha movement in the princely state of Hyderabad on the instructions of Sardar. The Nizam encouraged the staunch communal Muslim Razakars along with the princely police to vigorously crush this movement. Due to this the movement turned violent. At the same time a powerful peasant struggle led by the communists also took place in Telangana.