Historical Figures

Yahuar Huaca

Yahuar Huaca , seventh king of Cuzco, son of Inca Roca. His original name was Tito Cusi Huallpa, but it is said that when he was very young he was kidnapped by the Ayarmaca ethnic group and sentenced to death, for which he began to cry with great emotion until tears of blood flowed from his eyes, a fact that frightened their captors, who exclaimed yahuar huacac (cries blood). Returned to Cuzco when he was already a young man, he was appointed correinante of his father and when he was enthroned, as an adult, he took the name of Yahuar Huaca. His reign was short and his conquests few. From the beginning he faced the uprising of the Pinagua ethnic group, who sought to separate from the kingdom of Cuzco, which he finally defeated thanks to a stratagem by his brother Vicaquirao, who became his trusted man in affairs of state, advising him about the It was convenient for the Cuzco power not to limit itself only to collecting tributes but to have an effective presence in the conquered territories. He managed to gain more land from the cuntis, always thanks to the military skills of his brother Vicaquirao.
His struggles with the Ayarmacas were overcome by virtue of a marriage alliance with Mama Chiquia, daughter of the lord of that ethnic group. With her he had many children, of whom he chose Paguac Huallpa as her successor, although his choice did not please the Huallacans, who preferred and proposed Marcayuto, a scion of Inca Roca fathered by a woman from Huallacán. . They then planned an ambush, inviting Paguac Huallpa to visit his llacta. The trap was successful and they managed to assassinate him along with forty warriors who guarded him. In retaliation, Yahuar Huaca ordered the destruction of the town of Paullo, the main seat of the Huallacans, and killed many principals involved in the death of his son.

Yahuar Huaca and his fight against the Cuntis

After these events, he left with an army for Collasuyo, but failed in his undertaking due to an uprising of the cuntis, fed up with the mitas (shift work) that the Inca imposed on them to generate surpluses in order to make gifts among the main from Cuzco. This insurrection almost destabilized the Incas, who while celebrating a party in Cuzco were attacked by the Cuntis. Yahuar Huaca had to seek refuge in the Inticancha, but he was taken prisoner, suffering abuse from his captors, who finally killed him. Meanwhile the city was looted and the main ones were killed, this being the only time that the capital of the Incas was assaulted and looted by foreigners, before the robbery that centuries later the Spaniards would repeat when they entered Cuzco. All this chaos calmed down because a storm fell on the city unexpectedly, being taken by the cuntis as a supernatural warning. They soon left the city and returned to their lands. Taking advantage of this incident, the Chancas also revolted, starting a war of reconquest, expelling the Quechuas from Andahuaylas and reaching the banks of the Apurimac River. Because of this disaster, Yahuar Huaca was practically erased from official history and little is known about him. Even when he was finally assassinated he did not have any sculpture made to represent him. His lineage was grouped in the Aucayllo panaca. The assassination of this monarch confirmed the weakness of the kingdom of Cuzco and the continuing threat from its more powerful neighbors.