Millennium History

Archaeological discoveries

  • During the Middle Ages, not all plague victims were placed in mass graves

    During and after the Black Death, not all infected people were placed in mass graves, a new study reveals. Many of the deceased were buried in ordinary cemeteries. The Black Death in 1348. Engraving in Histoire De France En Cent Tableaux de Paul Lehugeur. As early as the mid-14th century in Europ

  • Groups of men exchanged knowledge 140,000 years ago

    The discovery and excavation of a site in Israel revealed the existence of cultural exchanges between populations. The excavation of Nesher Ramla yielded thousands of carved flints, animal remains and the fossil of an Archaic Man. The site of Nesher Ramla is located in central Israel, near the ci

  • Identification of the oldest trace of a shark attack

    The tragedy occurred in the Seto Sea, in Japan, and the victim was probably a fisherman:more than 790 injuries were recorded on his body. The great white shark is possibly responsible for this 3000 year old attack. He was buried between between 1370 and 1010 BC in the cemetery of Tsukumo. It is a

  • Opening a tomb does not always rhyme with looting in the High Middle Ages

    While the reopening of tombs in the High Middle Ages in Europe has long been attributed to an act of looting, European researchers have just rehabilitated this practice. Funerary spaces and practices in Alsace during the Merovingian and Carolingian periods. From the 5th to the 8th century AD. J.-

  • The Alfred Merlin, a new boat that will revolutionize underwater archeology

    Baptized in Marseille on July 2, 2021, this technology-packed boat will be the third building dedicated to underwater archaeology. The Alfred Merlin berthed in front of the Mucem in Marseille. Alfred Merlin (1876-1965) was a historian and archaeologist who, as director of the antiquities service

  • Ancient Egypt:To bury wild animals alongside the king is to assert his power

    Like hunting or victory scenes, the presence of wild animals in royal tombs symbolizes the power of the sovereign, capable of mastering chaos. Sculpture in the shape of a cheetah or a lion from the tomb of the pharaoh Tutankhamun, discovered in the Valley of the Kings, Thebes, Egypt. This article

  • The oldest plague patient lived 5000 years ago

    Analysis of a skull found in Latvia has revealed the oldest trace of the plague. European scientists have discovered a genome of Yersinia pestis there over 5000 years old. Mandible of a 5000 year old man on which the oldest strain of plague was found. The oldest strain of plague discovered to dat

  • Fine particle pollution already existed in the Neolithic period, and at very high levels

    Analysis of combustion fireplaces in houses at the Çatalhöyük site in Turkey indicates that the owners were exposed to levels of pollution incompatible with current standards. The historic site of Çatalhöyük is still being excavated. The Çatalhöyük site has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage

  • The melting of the glaciers of the Alps reveals treasures buried for millennia

    While not rejoicing in the devastating effects of global warming, researchers do acknowledge that it has created an opportunity to fill the huge gaps in our understanding of life in the mountains several millennia ago. The melting of the glaciers reveals treasures buried for a long time. Conserva

  • Moctezuma's headdress claimed from Austria by Mexico

    The Mexican government has reiterated its request to Austria to return a precious Aztec headdress of feathers and gold. Currently on display at the Weltmuseum in Vienna, legend has it that this “penacho” belonged to Emperor Moctezuma (1466-1520). This Aztec headdress called El Penacho is on displa

  • Mud and wild animals:the difficult journey undertaken 10,000 years ago by a woman and a child, reconstructed

    More than 10,000 years ago, a person undertook a short journey with a young child whom she carried at arms length over muddy and slippery ground. Researchers have attempted to reconstruct his journey. In this Ice Age scene, a woman holding a child on the shores of an ancient lake leaves footprints

  • Plague:Records Reveal Epidemic Spread Much Faster in 17th Century Than in 14th Century

    One would think that after more than three centuries marked by waves of plague, between the start of the Black Death in 1348 and the Great Plague of 1665, Europeans would have learned to slow down the transmission of the disease. But a study proves the opposite extreme:in the 17th century, the plagu

  • Peru:a cat geoglyph discovered in the Nazca desert

    This geoglyph of a pointy-eared cat about 37 meters long was recently brought out of oblivion, its lines having been spotted by a drone flyby. A new geoglyph, more than 2,000 years old and representing a feline, photographed on October 15, 2020 in Nazca A new geoglyph, more than 2,000 years old a

  • Nantes:when China does not want Genghis Khan to be celebrated

    An exhibition Sons of Heaven and the Steppes devoted to Mongolia and Genghis Khan was to open in Nantes. Rather than having its content redacted by Beijing, the Nantes History Museum preferred to cancel the event. Interview with Christian Grataloup, specialist in geohistory of the Old World. Portr

  • Ingenious technique of the Mayas to filter water

    In the city of Tikal, the Mayans had their own way of filtering water. An ingenious technique with compounds still used today for the same purpose. A temple rises above the rainforest in the ancient Mayan city of Tikal. It is not uncommon to be amazed by the extent of knowledge of civilizations t

  • Sacrifice of Lamas Buried Alive Reveals 600-Year-Old Inca Ritual

    Richly decorated animals, found sacrificed in southern Peru, highlight Inca rituals. Lamas sacrificed 600 years ago found in an exceptional state of preservation at the archaeological site of Tambo Viejo, in Peru. A warm wind blew on their fleece still present despite six centuries of burial...

  • Ancient Egypt:the composition of the black and red inks of the papyri surprises the researchers

    The ink used to blacken (and redden) papyri by the ancient Egyptians is far more complex than imagined. Moreover, its composition was already similar to a preparation that will only be found centuries later, among Renaissance painters. Detail of a medical treatise from the library of the temple of

  • Sarcophagus Reveals 4,000-Year-Old Funerary Text, Predating Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead

    A collection of formulas found in one of the 59 sarcophagi exhumed on October 4, 2020 on the Saqqara plateau, in the heart of the ancient necropolis of Memphis, in Egypt, turned out to be one of the oldest versions of Book of the Dead . Deceased worshiping a crocodile symbol of fertility, detail

  • Stonehenge reveals its secrets

    Two studies shed new light on the origin of megaliths and the amazing acoustic properties of the British prehistoric monument. The monument consists of several structures, concentric. This article is taken from the monthly n°885 of Sciences et Avenir-La Recherche, on newsstands in November 2020.

  • REPORTAGE. With the police who hunt down stolen art and blood antiquities

    The Central Office for the Fight against Trafficking in Cultural Goods exceptionally opened its doors to us in Nanterre, near Paris. Diving into the heart of very sensitive investigations. Police Commander Jean-Luc Boyer, deputy head of the OCBC, in the room that houses cultural property recently

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