History quiz

History Exercises on the Truman Doctrine - with answer

Question 01 - FAAP 2020 - According to some historians, the Truman Doctrine inaugurated the period of the Cold War. This doctrine would be a) the American effort to contain Nazi expansion in Europe. b) the Soviet effort to contain the German advance in their country through the alliance between the allied countries, especially the USA. c) the idea of ​​founding the UN as a forum for solving international problems. d) the US effort to invest heavily in the post-war reconstruction of Europe. e) the US effort to avoid a possible expansion of areas under Soviet influence in the post-war period.
Question 02 - PASUSP 2009 - In March 1947, Harry Truman, President of the United States, presented the guidelines of his foreign policy, requesting approval of resources for economic and military aid for Greece and Turkey, then threatened, according to him, by activities conducted by the communists. In June 1947, the Secretary of State, George Marshall, presented the North American program of support to European countries that faced serious economic problems as a result of World War II, offering around US$ 13 billion for the reactivation of their economic activities. Reading the text, it can be said that the United States, after the Second World War, a) sought to strengthen the economy of some European countries to prevent the expansion of communism. b) proposed disarmament on a world scale, as the only way to recover the European economy. c) they planned to levy heavy taxes on European citizens as compensation for their help. d) made diplomatic efforts to ensure understanding between all European countries. e) they remained isolated from the internal problems of European countries.
Question 03 - USF 2016/1 - The Cold War began in 1947, with the Truman Doctrine, which established as a priority American foreign policy the “containment” of Soviet expansionism, attributing responsibility and leadership in Western Europe to Washington. The Marshall Plan, aimed at the reconstruction of European economies, functioned as a privileged instrument of “containment” and the basis for the constitution of an “American Europe”. Magnoli, Demetrius. Polemic Collection (European Union – History and geopolitics). Moderna, São Paulo1996, p. 29. Regarding the developments of the policy exposed in the text, it is correct to say that a) the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries created COMECON, a response to the Marshall Plan, created by the United States. b) the Truman Doctrine proved to be ineffective in maintaining North American interests in Western Europe in the first post-war decades. c) NATO, a military force made up of the United States and England, acted safely in the consolidation of capitalism in Latin America, in the face of Soviet expansionism. d) with the construction of the Berlin Wall, by the Soviets, the invasion of capitalist labor on the eastern side was contained. e) the Marshall Plan invested heavily in the reconstruction of Eastern Europe, as well as channeling resources to prevent the Soviets from supporting Cuba, a potential enemy in Central America.
Question 04 - UFT 2013/1 - “[...] no study of the American political imagination can ignore the true obsession with national purposes, the conviction so deeply rooted that the USA, for its high civic and political morality (...) , received from Providence the lofty mission of redeeming the undemocratic and developed peoples of the planet”. (Adapted. AZEVEDO, Cecília. On behalf of “America:The bodies of peace in Brazil (1961-1981). São Paulo, Thesis (Doctorate in History) – USP. 1992. p. 31) This statement, clearly perceived in several American interventionist programs and doctrines, one of which directly influenced Latin America during the Cold War period, is called:a) New Stick. b) Big Stick. c) Truman Doctrine. d) New Deal. e) Monroe Doctrine.
GUARANTEE 01 - E02 - A03 - A04 - C