Ancient history

9. Major Hindu and Buddhist Temples of Indonesia

Ancient Hindu temples, Buddhist Chaityas and Viharas were built on many islands of Indonesia, most of which were destroyed by Muslim invaders. Many temples and chaityas have been discovered under the ruins since Suharto's government began rebuilding Indonesia to promote world tourism.

Ram Katha has the most influence on the temples of Indonesia. Many scenes from Ramayana are inscribed on the stone rocks in the Parambanan Shiva temple. There are also a large number of Krishna Leela engraved in this temple.

Temples of Java Island

The influence of Hinduism in Java can be easily understood. 15 large Hindu temples have been discovered on the island of Java, the main ones being the Parambanan Shiva Temple and the Borobudur Buddhist Monastery.

Other prominent temples include the Deng Temple built in AD 750, the Plaosan Temple of the 9th century, the Satho Temple in the 15th century, the Kidal Temple built in AD 1248 during the period of the Singhasari Empire, the Sukh temple in the 15th century depicting life before birth. and the "Pantaran Temple" built during the 12th and 15th centuries during the time of the Majapahit Empire. These temples have been included in the cultural category of World Heritage by UNESCO.

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