Millennium History

History of South America

  • Treaty of Madrid

    The Treaty of Madrid , had the objective of replacing the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), thus establishing new borders between the colonies of Portugal and Spain in America. Through this Treaty, Portugal ceded Colonia del Sacramento (Uruguay) to Spain. This, in turn, gave the territory occupied by t

  • Quilombos

    Quilombos they were communities formed by slaves who had run away from the plantations. These places became centers of resistance for black slaves escaping from forced labor in Brazil. Origin The word quilombo comes from the Bantu language, being a reference to forest warrior. The first definiti

  • Goal Plan

    Goal Plan was a program whose purpose was to improve Brazilian infrastructure implemented during the government of Juscelino Kubitschek (1956-1960). The project defined thirty objectives, grouped into five sectors, to be achieved:energy, transport, industry, education and food. Basically, the inte

  • National Symbols:flag, coat of arms, seal and anthem

    The National Symbols - flag, coat of arms, seal and anthem - implemented by Law No. 5,700, of September 1, 1971, represent the union of our country. Included in the Constitution, they have great historical value and identify the Brazilian nation. Together, they signal the nations sense of unity as

  • Slave Ships

    Slave ship it was the name by which the boat that transported blacks destined for slave labor on the American continent between the 16th and 19th centuries became known. The first recorded shipment of enslaved Africans took place in 1525 and the last in 1866. Slave Traffic Until the beginning of t

  • Eusébio de Queirós Law (1850)

    The Eusébio de Queirós Law (Law No. 581), enacted on September 4, 1850, prohibited the slave trade. The law was drafted by the Minister of Justice, Eusébio de Queirós Coutinho Matoso da Câmara (1812-1868), during the Second Reign. It was the first of three laws that would gradually abolish slavery

  • Causes of Brazilian Independence

    Among the factors that caused the Independence of Brazil we can highlight the crisis of the colonial system, the Enlightenment ideas and the independences that took place in English and Spanish America. Furthermore, the Brazilian agrarian elite itself would benefit from a separation between Portuga

  • Paraguay War

    TheParaguay War was an armed conflict that took place between the years 1864 and 1870. The countries involved were Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay, which formed the Triple Alliance to fight Paraguay. The combat took place because Paraguay intended to annex territories from Brazil and Argentina. Like

  • The 60's

    The 1960s was characterized by the strengthening of left-wing movements in Western countries, both politically and ideologically. At that time, there was an unfolding of alternative cultural and ideological projects launched during the 1950s. This is the case of the explosion of consumption caused

  • Sugar Cane Cycle

    Thesugarcane cycle denominates the period when sugar was the main export product of Brazil. It began with the establishment of the Portuguese settler on the Brazilian coast, in 1530, when hereditary captaincies were created as a form of political and territorial organization. The Brazilian sugar c

  • Feminism in Brazil

    The feminist movement in Brazil emerged in the 19th century with the struggle for female education, the right to vote and the abolition of slaves. Currently, there are several feminist organizations in Brazil that defend the equality of womens rights with mens. Likewise, there are specific organiza

  • Juscelino Kubitschek

    Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (1902-1976), known as JK, was a doctor and politician from Minas Gerais. He was president of Brazil from 1956 to 1960 whose time is remembered as a time of optimism. Biography Juscelino Kubitschek was born in the city of Diamantina, Minas Gerais, on September 12,

  • Pre-Colonial Period

    The pre-colonial period corresponds to the first years of colonization of Brazil by the Portuguese. It covers the years from 1500 to 1530 and the main economic activity was the exploration of pau-brasil. Abstract On April 22, 1500, the Portuguese managed to discover lands that had never been visite

  • Dom Pedro II

    Dom Pedro II (or Pedro II of Brazil) was the second and last Emperor of Brazil. He ascended the throne in 1840 and was at the head of the country until 1889, when the coup that installed the Republic took place. Following Portuguese and royal traditions, the heir to the throne was given various na

  • Majority Strike

    The Community Blow , also known as the Declaration of Majority, guaranteed the accession to the throne of D. Pedro II, on July 23, 1840, at the age of 14. The anticipation of adulthood was the Liberal Partys strategy to end the Regency Period (1831-1840), when Brazil was ruled by regencies. This h

  • Golden Law

    The Golden Law (Law nº 3.353), was sanctioned by Princess Dona Isabel, daughter of Dom Pedro II, on May 13, 1888 . The law granted total freedom to the slaves that still existed in Brazil, a little over 700 thousand, abolishing slavery in the country. The sanction of this law resulted in a victor

  • Brazilian Prehistory

    It is called Brazilian prehistory or pre-Cabraline period, the moment for the history of Brazil before the arrival of the Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral, in 1500. This view, however, is changing, as several peoples inhabited this territory before Portuguese colonization. First Humans in

  • Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932

    The Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932 , Revolution of 1932 or Guerra Paulista was the first major uprising against the administration of Getúlio Vargas and also the last major armed conflict that took place in Brazil. The elites of São Paulo sought to regain the political command they had lost w

  • Neoliberalism in Brazil

    neoliberalism in Brazil begins with the government of Fernando Collor de Mello and is consolidated with the arrival of Fernando Henrique Cardoso to the presidency. There was a reduction in public investments and privatization of state-owned companies. Abstract With the end of the military dictator

  • Rubber Cycle

    The Rubber Cycle corresponds to the period in Brazilian history in which the extraction and commercialization of latex for rubber production were basic activities of the economy. In fact, they occurred in the central region of the Amazon forest, between 1879 and 1912, reinvigorating for a short tim

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