History quiz

History Exercises on the Brazilian Colonial Society - with feedback

Question 01 - POLYTECHNIC - UFSM 2018 - In colonial Brazil there were several economic regions and several "societies". Colonial sugar society was relatively complex, with a rigid hierarchy marked by the role of slaves and landowners. List the social groups, in the left column, with their respective occupations, in the right column.(1) Planters(2) Lavradores de cana(3) Traders(4) Slaves(5) Salaried workers( ) They earned money by selling slaves and European (fabrics, tools) and local products (food and animals) and often became large landowners.( ) They shared with the slaves the hard and time-consuming work of producing sugar on the mills; They were the boilermaker, the purgator, the foreman and the field foreman.( ) They were the majority of the colonial population and the functioning of the colonial economy depended on it:farming, livestock, gathering, fishing, transport of goods.( ) It was the dominant group in society:owners of land, slaves and machines.( ) They were free men who lived near large sugar mills; they were landowners, but shared the engenho with the lords. The correct sequence is a) 1 – 4 – 3 – 5 – 2.b) 3 – 5 – 4 – 2 – 1.c) 3 – 5 – 4 – 1 – 2.d) 2 – 3 – 1 – 4 – 5.e) 3 – 5 – 4 – 1 – 2.
Question 02 - FUVEST 2011 - 1st Phase - The social structure of the colony in the first century and a half of colonization is thus extremely simple. In short, it is reduced to two classes:on the one hand, rural landowners, the wealthy class of planters and plantation owners; on the other, the mass of the spurious population of rural workers, slaves and semi-free. From the simplicity of the economic infrastructure – the land, the only productive force, absorbed by the large agricultural exploitation – derives that of the social structure:the reduced class of owners and the great mass, exploited and oppressed. There are naturally within this mass gradations, which we have pointed out. But they are not, however, deep enough to be characterized in radically different situations. Caio Prado Jr., Political Evolution of Brazil. 20th ed. São Paulo:Brasiliense, p.28-29, 1993 [1942]. In this excerpt, the author observes that, in colonial society, \a) there were only two known classes, and that nothing is known about individuals who might have been part of other classes. .b) there were many different classes, but only two were directly linked to economic criteria. c) all the members of the existing classes wanted to become rural proprietors, except the small free, semi-free or slave workers. d) several classes radically different from each other made up a complex scenario, marked by social conflicts. e) the population was organized into two classes, whose internal gradations did not alter the simplicity of the social structure.
Question 03 - IFS 2014.1 - Subsequent - About the process of formation of the Brazilian colonial society, we can say that.a) The sugar society was characterized by the predominant character of the slave worker and the prestige of the plantation owner; b) There was no slavery in the mining region, as the extraction of gold was carried out only with the participation of free workers; c) After the arrival of the Portuguese in Brazil, there were no profound changes in the cultures of the various Brazilian indigenous tribes; d) No there were distinctions between the sugar and gold societies; e) There was an option for the slave labor of Africans brought through the slave trade, as there was never any interest in enslaving the Indians by the Brazilian colonists.
Question 04 - IFS 2013.2 - Subsequent - Check the item that characterizes Brazilian colonial society. a) The authority of the planters was restricted only to their slaves. b) The Europeans organized a strong and solidary society, without major social differences. c) The planters, as landowners, they dominated colonial society. d) In colonial society, the political powers of planters were limited. e) The preponderance of the political power of planters was limited to agro-industry.
Question 05 - FPP 2018 - Religiosity was one of the aspects that profoundly marked the colonization of Portuguese America. With the colonizers came the first Jesuit priests, imbued with the mission of evangelizing the indigenous people, converting them to the Christian faith. In addition to the Jesuits, other religious orders, such as the Dominicans, Benedictines and Franciscans, came to Brazil during this period. Concerning the role of religious orders and their influence on Brazilian society in this period, it is CORRECT to state that A) the various religious orders dedicated themselves to evangelization of the indigenous, they founded universities for the professional training of the children of the elite and created seminaries for the training of priests and the education of the children of freed slaves. B) as freed slaves were prohibited from participating in religious brotherhoods, they depended on the charity of the community members to help their sick and needy.C) religious festivals and processions were privileged moments of social interaction; each religious brotherhood had its dress, colors and standards. Therefore, slaves were not allowed to organize themselves into religious brotherhoods, this practice being a privilege of the white population. D) the Catholic Church guided the daily life of colonial society, correcting customs and imposing religious morals. For this reason, villages and towns always had a chapel in honor of the patron saints, where masses, baptisms, marriages and other sacraments were celebrated. E) due to the influence of religiosity in the celebrations, the Catholic Church occupied a prominent place in the colony, which made the elements of African and indigenous culture associated with religion disappear.

Question 06 - UFF/1997 - 1st Stage - "Slaves are the hands and feet of the plantation owner, because without them in Brazil it is not possible to build, conserve and increase the plantation." (Antonil, Culture and Opulence of Brazil, 1711, Book I, Chapter, IX). Mark the option that, based on the quote by the Jesuit Antonil, correctly justifies the foundations of colonial society.
(A) Colonial society was limited to the world of the big house and the slave quarters, fundamental spaces of a rural world mediated by the sugar mills.
(B) The ideal of colonial society, according to the Ignatians, was that of a mission society, which explains the Jesuit Antonil's criticism of slavery.
(C) The social structure of the Colonial Brazil was fundamentally slave-holding, since essential sectors of the colonial economy, such as sugar agro-manufacturing, depended on slave labor, especially Africans.
(D) The slave society built in the Colony was always condemned. by the Jesuits who, like Antonil, ardently wanted Indians and Africans to dedicate themselves to the world of God.
(E) Colonial society had two classes, masters and slaves, antagonistic poles of the latifundium or "farm" mentioned by Antonil.INTRODUCTION 01 - C02 - E03 - A04 - C05 - D
06 - C
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