History of Europe

Map of Charlemagne's Empire

During the reigns of Pepin the Short and his son Charlemagne, the Carolingians conquered, between the 8th and 9th centuries, vast territories and united large areas of western Europe into a single unit. On Christmas Day 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the Romans. This map shows the extent of the Empire at the time of Charlemagne's coronation.

French Civilization