History of Europe

About the Roman emperor Callus, who won the Sassanid Empire but was struck by lightning

All Roman emperors during the Barracks emperor died unexpectedly, including assassinations and illnesses, but some were like Kars, who died in a lightning strike.

The emperor who defeated the Sasanian Empire

Rome is said to have five humiliating defeats.

The first was about half the occupation of Rome by the Gauls around the 4th century BC.

It was able to regain the territory lost by Camillus, also known as the second founder of Rome.

Next is the humiliation of Caudine in the Samnite Wars around the 3rd century BC. This also finally won the Samnite War.

The third is the Battle of Cannae in the Second Punic War in the 3rd century BC. Hannibal was devastated, but eventually Scipio Africanus destroyed Hannibal.

The fourth is the defeat of Crassus in the triumvirate era, and the enemy is Parthian Empire, the champion of Persia. The fifth was the capture of Valerianus in the latter half of the 3rd century, and the opponent was the Sasanian Empire, the champion of Persia.

Rome did not revenge against Persia.

It is this Emperor Karus who defeated the Sasanian Empire so much, so I feel that he may be evaluated a little more, but he suffered a great misfortune of being hit by a lightning strike while invading Persia. rice field.

In Rome, as in Greece, the main god was the god of thunder, Yupiteru, so being struck by lightning was just a punishment.

Marx Aurelius Carus

Kars was born in the city of Narbo in the Gaul region, and it is known that he was in the position of Secretary of the Guard during the time of former Emperor Probus. Probus was assassinated by his soldiers, but it is unknown whether Kars was involved in it. It is more likely that he was not involved, but it seems that he was no longer interested in the emperor Probus.

Callus became emperor and named himself Marcus Aurelius Callus. He was also proclaiming that he would carry out politics with an emphasis on the Senate, like Emperor Aurelius, but it was still pretending to carry out politics against the background of military power.

Taking over the line of Emperor Probus, Kars advanced his army to Persia. At that time, his eldest son, Carinus, and his second son, Numeanus, were appointed as co-emperors, and the Persian campaign continued to make good progress in consecutive victories.

At this time, the Sassanid side is said to have been in a period of turmoil more than Rome, and has succeeded in regaining the Mesopotamia region that Rome had lost. He continued to advance his army to Ctesiphon, the capital of the Sassanid Empire, occupying it, and was likely to destroy the Sassanid Empire, but as mentioned at the beginning, he died in a lightning strike.

His successors were assassinated, which brought a new light to Rome, but that is still a long way off.