History quiz

Exercises on the Jânio Quadros Government - with feedback

Last updated:2022-07-25
Question 01 - PUC-Rio 2019 -“Sweep, sweep, sweep, sweep a broom! Sweep, sweep the trash! The people are already tired of suffering in this way Jânio Quadros is the hope of this abandoned people! Jânio Quadros is the certainty of a moralized Brazil! Broom, countryman! campaign, Jânio Quadros won the 1960 presidential elections with an expressive vote. Seven months after taking office, he resigned. Regarding his short government, it is INCORRECT to state that (A) he administered in a non-partisan manner and without dialogue with Congress, installing investigations and negotiating directly with the state governments (B) to try to moralize habits and customs, instituted specific measures such as the prohibition of horses on weekdays and postures about cockfights.(C) adopted economic austerity measures, following the prescription proposed by the IMF, but failed to contain inflation and the increase in the cost of living.(D) aiming at facilitate obtaining external resources, maintained an unconditional alignment with the US in its international policy. (E) he acted against what he called the “perks” of the civil service, cut benefits and tried to institute full time in federal offices.
Question 02-UERJ 2003-2nd Qualifying Exam -Sweep, sweep, sweep, sweep, broom. accompanied candidate Jânio Quadros during his campaign for the presidency of the Republic, in 1960. The lyrics summarize the following policy for solving the problems of the time:(A) government austerity and control of public spending would contain inflation and official corruption (B) the dispute over foreign markets and the nationalist ideology would increase the trade surplus and the generation of income (C) the service to the popular economy and food production would lower the cost of living and government spending (D) the defense of the national interests and the adoption of an independent foreign policy would generate employment and new economic possibilities
Question 03 - UEPB 2013 - "It was just after six in the morning when President Jânio Quadros, as usual, locked himself in his office. That day, however, he drafted the terms of his resignation that hours later he would forward to the National Congress, awakening politicians from With nothing in his expression or gestures betraying the decision he had made, Jânio attended the Soldier's Day ceremony, defeated by what he called "terrible forces", in his resignation ticket, he was photographed for the last time as president alongside the "hidden forces".(Opening text of the Documentary "Jango" by filmmaker Silvio Tendler)On the tumultuous and brief government of Jânio Quadros, indicate the only INCORRECT alternative.a) Jânio Quadros began to govern with a program of moral reform to please the conservative middle class. It ended horse racing, adopted a costume called "slack" as a uniform, closed cockfights and banned women wearing bikinis on television. It was said in the press that instead of a statesman, Brazil had won a customs delegate .b) Jânio Quadros developed a foreign policy aiming to get closer to the anti-colonialist movements of the third world and socialist countries. That's why he sent his deputy, João Goulart, on an official visit to China and the USSR and decorated "Che" Guevara with the Order of the Cruzeiro do Sul.c) Jânio Quadros had one of the most advanced government programs at the time. even though the Armed Forces and the UDN, his own party, forced him to resign.d) Jânio Quadros resigned hoping that the people would ask for his return to the presidency, that the National Congress would not accept his act and that the F Armed budgets preferred him, instead of his deputy, João Goulart. As none of that happened, Jânio embarked for a season in Europe. e) Jânio Quadros took economic measures such as SUMOC's Instruction 204, which created the single dollar rate, benefiting exporters and foreign investors. With the end of the subsidy in agriculture it raised the price of food, causing the increase of inflation.
Question 04-PUCRS 2005.2 - Jânio Quadros, upon resuming diplomatic relations with _________ and sending a diplomatic mission to _________, approached the _________ bloc and adopted a _________ foreign policy in relation to the United States. that appear are:A) France – England – European – independent B) Argentina – Costa Rica – Latin American – dependent C) Saudi Arabia – Turkey – Muslim – opposition D) Soviet Union – China – socialist – independent E) Nigeria – Algeria – North African – dependent
Question 05 - UNIFESP 2008 - “I proclaim what the entire Nation recognizes:the Brazilian rural structure has expired. Thus, agrarian reform is no longer a topic of discourse, but the object of immediate action:legislative action and executive action...” (Declaration by President Jânio Quadros, published in the newspaper Correio da Manhã, on 08.03.1961.) At the moment of this declaration, agrarian reform in Brasila) was on the order of the day, hence the president's position in its favor. b) it appeared as an outdated issue, as demonstrated by the position of the presidency. c) it was something restricted only to the northeast region, where the Peasant Leagues operated. d) it had long been defended by the majority of Congress, but not by the Executive. e) lay asleep and, for demagogic reasons, was awakened by the president.
Question 06 - Entrance Exam FFB 2014.1 -
“I was defeated by the reaction and so I left the government. In these seven months I have done my duty. (…) I desired a Brazil for Brazilians, confronting, in this dream, corruption, lies and cowardice, which subordinate general interests to the appetites and ambitions of groups or individuals, including those from abroad. But I feel crushed. Terrible forces rise up against me and intrigue or defame me, even with the excuse of collaboration. (…) I now return to my work as a lawyer and teacher. We will all work. There are many ways to serve our country. Brasília, August 25, 1961.” The resignation of Jânio Quadros triggered a series of reactions in the most diverse sectors of national life. In this regard, mark the correct alternative. A) New elections were immediately established, in which João Goulart won and took over, even though he was considered a left-wing politician. B) The military took power immediately, taking into account that they did not want to a left-wing politician in power. C) It threw the country into a serious political crisis, which was only ended two weeks later, with the inauguration of the vice president, João Goulart, but with the change of the political regime, from presidentialism, to parliamentarism . D) Brizola and Lula joined forces to help the vice president, João Goulart, to prevent the Armed Forces from taking power. E) João Goulart assumed the presidency and, carrying out basic reforms, such as agrarian, political and religious, was deposed by the Armed Forces, which assumed power until 1985.
Question 07 - UERJ 1998 - 1st Phase - Geography -
The policy of little notes is one of the characteristics of the Jânio Quadros government (1961), which was marked by by a:(A) decentralized form of government, implemented by the delegation of powers(B) alliance with leftist groups, exemplified by the decoration of Che Guevara(C) integration into the populist government project, supported by Getulist parties PSD and PTB(D) ) moralizing action to fight corruption, added to the president's personalist style
Question 08 - Mackenzie 2012 - One of the most controversial and least elucidated episodes in the history of Brazil was the resignation of President Jânio Quadros, in 1961, who turns fifty. In this regard, consider I, II, III and IV below.I. Vice-president João Goulart, considered by elite sectors to be prone to communism, was prevented from taking over the government soon after Jânio II's resignation. The Campaign for Legality, led by Leonel Brizola, defended compliance with the Federal Constitution, demanding the inauguration of Jango in the presidency.III. To reduce the conflicts resulting from Jânio's resignation, Congress instituted parliamentarism, thus guaranteeing Jango's inauguration, but with significantly reduced powers.IV. It resulted in a political crisis, since powerful sectors opposed Jango, accused of communism, this being one of the justifications for the military coup in 1964. So, a) only I, III and IV are correct. b) only I , II and III are correct.c) only II and III are correct.d) only II and IV are correct.e) I, II, III and IV are correct.
Question 09 - UEMA - SEAP 2010 - "Sweep, sweep, sweep the broom! Sweep, sweep the swag That the people are already 'tired' of 'suffrê' like that."Source:Available at:. Accessed on:26 Jul. 2013. It is not today that our politicians promise to “sweep the trash” from the country. These verses were part of the electoral campaigns that led to the presidency of one of these characters, called a) Eurico Dutra.b) João Goulart.c) Getúlio Vargas.d) Jânio Quadros. e) Juscelino Kubitschek.
Question 10 - UNIFOR - 2002.2 - During the short government of Jânio Quadros, Brazilian foreign policy underwent significant changes. In this government, Brazilian diplomacy sought to develop a foreign policy (A) of alignment with the capitalist countries led by the United States and of breaking with the socialist countries supported by the Soviet Union. (B) responsible pragmatism, expanding the country's political and commercial relationship with countries in Africa, Asia and the Soviet Union. (C) commuting, sometimes approaching the United States, sometimes relating commercially with countries linked to socialist regimes. (D) independent, moving away from the "automatic alignment" in relation to the United States and from rapprochement with the Soviet Union. (E) of continental solidarity, aligning itself mainly with the democratic nations supported by the United States.

Question 11 - UVA 2007.1 - Jânio Quadros was elected to the Presidency of the Republic with a spectacular electoral victory. He won the sympathy of the popular masses, promising to sweep away all the dirt from our public administration. About the government of Jânio Quadros we cannot say:
A. He completed his term despite fierce criticism from the opposition.
B. Decorated Cuban Minister Ernesto "Che" Guevara.
C. Resigned from power, claiming "feeling crushed by terrible forces."
D. It promoted an independent foreign policy.

Question 12 - UVA 2012.2 - CG - Jânio da Silva Quadros reached the presidency of the Republic of Brazil with 48% of the electorate's preference, crowning a fast and successful political career. To the disappointment of his constituents, however, after seven months in government he resigned, claiming that "occult forces" compelled him to do so. This fact opened a new political struggle in the country. There were eleven days in a coup d'état atmosphere. The country, divided between loyalists, who supported the inauguration of the vice president, and the coupists, who wanted to change the constitutional norms to prevent the rise of João Goulart. The serious crisis was solved through:
A. of the resignation of Vice-President João Goulart.
B. of the constitutional amendment that introduced parliamentarism.
C. of the military confrontation between the two factions.
D. of the return to power of former president Jânio Quadros.

Question 13 - Mackenzie 2008 - 1st day - At the end of August 1961, the press announced that Ranieri Mazzilli would assume the government following the unexpected resignation of Jânio Quadros. The president had been the target of sharp criticism, among other reasons, because
a) the economic policy adopted by Jânio increasingly assumed an effectively socialist orientation, visible in the approximation of diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba and the USSR.
b) the disagreement between the president and his vice-president, João Goulart, was intensified, elected by another party, making it impossible for both to remain together in the political command of the country.
c) a large part of the national business community he was dissatisfied with the president's overly democratic policy, which had implemented a number of plans for social improvements, both in the cities and in the countryside.
d) conservative sectors of society were opposed to the “independent” character of Jânio's foreign policy. , especially after the president's unexpected decoration of Cuban minister Ernesto Guevara.
e) there were clear indications that, with the support of the Armed Forces, Jânio intended to organize a coup against the National Congress (the “hidden forces” of the letter-renunciation), close it and govern dictatorially.
01 - D
02 - A
03 - C
04 - D
05 - A
06 - C
07 - D
08 - E
09 - D
10 - D
11 - A
12 - B
13 - D