History quiz

Exercises on the Juscelino Kubitschek Government - with feedback

Last updated:2022-07-25
Question 01 - UERJ 2007 - 1st Qualification Exam - The JK years, celebrated as golden years, were supported by the Plano de Metas, a set of guidelines with the objective of eliminating inequalities in Brazil. Among these guidelines we can highlight:
(A) occupation of the Midwest Region with the transfer of the capital
(B) industrialization of the South Region with the creation of free trade zones
(C) implantation of agroindustry in the Northeast Region with the construction of dams
(D) expansion of the energy potential of the North Region with urban deconcentration

Question 02 - UERJ 2003 - 2nd Qualification Exam - There are two countries, between which it is difficult to distinguish the real one; on the farm in the interior, the man of the country works with a hoe and transports an insignificant crop in creaky carts (...); in the city of São Paulo, every hour a building is finished. (LAMBERT, Jacques. The two Brazils. São Paulo:Companhia Editora Nacional, 1984.)

The text and the cartoon represent, in different ways, one of the main dilemmas of developmentalism in government Juscelino Kubitschek, during the 2nd half of the 1950s. The alternative that best presents this dilemma is:
(A) the cultural and educational contrasts between the São Paulo and northern elites
(B) the political inequality and between the northeastern and southern oligarchies
(C) the historical and technological gap between the oil sector and the agro-export sector
(D) the economic and social disparities between the agrarian and urban-industrial sectors

Question 03 - FATEC - 2018/2 - In the 1950s, President Juscelino Kubitschek adopted a policy of economic development that became known as Plano de Metas. Under the motto “50 years in 5”, this plan was characterized by the
a) adoption of a liberal economic policy that advocated universal access to basic education and the privatization of essential services, such as water and electricity supply. .
b) opening the country to foreign capital, facilitating the installation of foreign industries in the country, while maintaining state control over the extraction, refining and distribution of oil.
c) offering incentives for the installation of factories in the less developed regions of the country, such as the North and Northeast, in addition to fighting regional inequalities and eradicating hunger.
d) approximation with the Soviet Union, in the context of the Cold War, which guaranteed the necessary investments for the installation of the national steel industry and the construction of Brasília.
e) promotion of public policies for access to essential services such as basic sanitation, preventive medicine and the urbanization of slums, as well as it is about the redistribution of income and land.

Question 04 - UECE-CEV - 2018 - SEDUC-CE - Professor - History - Consider the following statements about the model of National-developmentalism that prevailed during the Juscelino Kubitschek government:
I. The Planning of the economy, through the Plan of Goals, presented the proposal for the nationalization of multinational companies and the investment of public capital, derived from taxes, in state companies.
II. Opening the economy to international capital with the presence of multinational companies, especially in the automotive sector, caused the flow of national resources abroad. III. The high cost of carrying out the Plan of Goals and the opening to the international market, generated a high inflation and a migratory wave of northeastern and northern people to the metropolises that were industrializing.
It is correct what is stated in
A) II and III only.
B) I and III only.
C) I and II only.
D) I, II and III.

Question 05 - FUVEST 2007 - 1st Phase - The inauguration of Brasília, after its rapid construction during the government of Juscelino Kubitschek (1956 – 1961), brought different developments to the country. Among them,
a) stimulus to river navigation in the South and outflow of foreign capital.
b) incentive to national economic integration and increase in inflation.
c) development of railways in the Center -South and impoverishment of the State of Rio de Janeiro.
d) stimulus to the organization of unions and growth in the power of the military.
e) transformation of the Midwest into an industrial area and increasing external indebtedness.
e) transformation of the Midwest into an industrial area. />
Question 06 - FUVEST 2006 - Transfer – The Brazilian territorial integration, through the construction of highways, gained emphasis from the government
a) JK.
b) Jango.
c) Médici.
d) Itamar .
e) FHC.

Question 07 - UniCesumar 2017 - Medicine - The Goals Plan, implemented during the government of Juscelino Kubitschek, provided for priority investments in the following areas:(A) energy, employment, manufacturing, health and transport. (B) food, education, employment, manufacturing and cultural production. (C) food, energy, textile industry, cultural production and health. (D) education, employment, cultural production, transport and health. (E) food, education, energy, basic industry and transport.
Question 08 - UNIOESTE 2011 - 2nd Stage - Regarding the Brazilian government of Juscelino Kubitschek, it is correct to say that
A. JK's government was marked by the implementation of a nationalist economic policy that was quite restrictive to the presence of foreign capital in Brazil.
B. during the government of JK there was a great growth of the primary sector and, consequently, an expansion of the population in the countryside.
C. the JK government was characterized by an economic policy that favored fiscal balance and, for this reason, inhibited state investments in the expansion of basic industry.
D. JK implemented a regional economic planning policy.
E. JK's popularity was due to the austere policy of controlling inflation that kept the cost of living low for the majority of the Brazilian population.

Question 09 - PUCRS 2002.1 - Juscelino Kubitschek was elected with a proposal of “accelerated industrialization”, which was present in the campaign slogan “50 years in 5” and, later, in the “Programa de Metas” of his government. This populist policy of accelerated economic growth that the JK government sought to promote was possible thanks to:
A) the stimulus of foreign investment, the establishment of multinationals in Brazil and the obtaining of loans abroad.
B) encouraging private investments in infrastructure, such as energy, roads and steel mills.
C) a policy of defense of national agriculture aimed at increasing the production of cereals for export.
D) direct intervention by the State in heavy industry, automobiles and non-durable consumer goods.
E) to a series of basic reforms, such as agricultural, urban, banking and tax, aimed at releasing unproductive speculative capital.

Question 10 - POLYTECHNIC - UFSM 2018 - The Government of Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (PSD/1955 - 1960) had as a goal to make Brazil develop – 50 years in 5 –; therefore, its development policy is called developmentalism. His bold and optimistic style allowed him to present, at the beginning of his term, the Plano de Metas:a government plan that provided, as a priority, public investments in five major areas. They are:
a) energy, transport, industry, food and education.
b) commerce, transport, industry, food and breeding.
c) livestock, transport, tourism, security and education .
d) energy, security, tourism, food and culture.
e) food, education, industry, culture and commerce.

Question 11 - UVA 2006.2 - About the government of President Juscelino Kubitschek, we can say:
I. It was Juscelino Kubitschek's presidential campaign slogan in 1955:"fifty years in five."
II. Juscelino Kubitschek's project, known as development, was based on the Plano de Metas, a program of investments to be carried out in several sectors.
III. The automobile industry was one of the most successful investments in JK's Plano de Metas.
IV. SUDENE – Superintendence for the Development of the Northeast – was created in 1959, with the objective of promoting and coordinating the development of the Northeast region.
These are correct:
A. Items I, II, III and IV.
B. Only items I, III and IV.
C. Only item IV.
D. Items I, II and III only.

CHECK 01 - A02 - D03 - B04 - A05 - B06 - A07 - E08 - D09 - A10 - A
11 - A