History quiz

Bandung Conference Exercises - with feedback

Question 01 - UNESP - 2017/2 - 1st phase - In 1955, the Bandung Conference was held in Indonesia, which laid the foundations of the so-called Non-Aligned Movement. Considering the post-World War II context, the Bandung Conference expressed
a) a demonstration for the international recognition of Asian hegemony over the post-war economy.
b) a rupture with the sociocultural standards advocated by the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente.
c) political resistance against the armed clashes between the Allied Countries and the Axis Countries.
d) the consolidation of socialist influence in the eastern hemisphere, with the redefinition of former political borders.
e) the attempt by some countries to remain neutral in the face of the bipolarity established by the Cold War.

Question 02 - FUVEST 2019 - 1st Phase - The Bandung conference, held in Indonesia in 1955, was a landmark
a) in the creation of an informal bloc of countries not directly aligned with the United States or the Soviet Union, soon known as the “Third World”.
/>b) initial dissolution of the British Empire in Asia and Africa and, with it, of the entire European imperialism of the 20th century.
c) in the definition of those who would soon be the belligerent blocs in the Vietnam War.
d) symbolic of the consolidation of the Islamic religion as the predominant one on the Asian continent.
e) in the intensification of the Cold War, with the United States' ultimatum to Asian and African countries sympathizing with Soviet communism.

Question 03 - FUVEST 2006 - Transfer – The Bandung Conference, held in 1955 in Indonesia, brought together
a) the Cold War superpowers that defined their areas of influence.
b) developed countries that discussed the partition of Africa and Asia.
br />c) imperialist countries that divided the world according to their interests.
d) peripheral countries to create an alternative to the superpowers in the Cold War.
e) low-income countries to discuss access to direct investment .

Question 04 - PUCRS 2000.1 - In 1955, leaders of 24 African and Asian states, representing a total population of 1.350 billion people, gathered in Bandung, Indonesia. This conference had as main political objective
A) to propose the armament of developing nations, as well as the construction of defensive systems formed by missiles and anti-missiles.
B) to fight for decolonization and independence, as well as recommend the immediate withdrawal of the Indonesian army from East Timor.
C) establish the peaceful independence of India, promoting the separation of Muslims through the creation of Pakistan, "the country of the pure".
D) manifest the policy of the new independent nations and launch the policy of the non-aligned, a stance of equidistance in relation to the superpowers.
E) recognize the independence of the Central Asian Republics as a result of the Soviet collapse.

Question 05 - UFMG 1995 - ()"Colonialism in all its manifestations is an evil that must be put to an immediate end." The arguments for this claim, expressed at the Bandung Conference (1955), were based
a) on the United Nations Charter and Declaration of the Rights of Man.
b) on the Encyclical "Rerum Novarum" and on the resolutions of the Vatican Council II.
c) in the revolutionary strategy of the Kominform for the colonial regions.
d) in the Domino Effect Theory of the US State Department.
e) in the theories of revolution and imperialism of the Marxism-Leninism.

Question 06 - FGV - "... in 1955, in Bandung, Indonesia, 29 (...) countries that presented themselves as from the Third World met. They spoke out for socialism and neutralism, but also against the West and against the Union Soviet Union, and proclaimed the commitment of the liberated peoples to help the liberation of dependent peoples..." The conference to which the text refers is seen as a
a) indicator of the crisis of the colonial system by representing the interests of the countries that were suffering the consequences of the industrialization process in Europe.
b) evidence of the globalization process of the world economy, since their proposals defended the end of customs restrictions in peripheral countries.
c) symptom of exhaustion of American imperialism in the Middle East, provoked by the breaking of the nuclear monopoly in favor of the Arabs.
d) sign of economic development of the so-called "Asian tigers" that valued strategic planning, independent industrialization and education.
e) a landmark in the decolonizing movement in Africa and Asia that condemned colonialism, racial discrimination and the arms race.

Question 07 - CESGRANRIO - "The Conference agrees in declaring that colonialism, in all its manifestations, is an evil that must be put to an immediate end."
After the Second World War, Western domination on the Asian continent and on the African continent was contested by local movements of confrontation with imperialist nations, in favor of independence and self-determination of the peoples of these continents. Among the factors that made the Afro-Asian decolonization process possible, we CANNOT point out the:
a) influence of socialist doctrine, especially in colonial areas that underwent revolutionary transformations, such as Vietnam and Angola.
b) transfer to colonial areas of a humanist and anti-nationalist ideology, expressed in the doctrinal organization of the Non-Aligned Bloc.
c) displacement of the hegemonic centers of international political decisions from Europe to the USA and the U.R.S.S.
d) weakening of European colonial powers caused by their participation in World War II.
e) end of the myth of inferiority of Afro-Asian peoples, due to Japanese victories against Westerners in the Pacific War.
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Question 08 - UFSM 2011 - "The first thing, therefore, is to say to yourselves:I will no longer accept the role of a slave. I will not obey orders as such, but I will disobey them when they conflict with my conscience. The so-called master may whisper to you and try to force you to serve him. You will say:No, I will not serve you for your money or under threat. This may involve suffering. Your readiness to suffer will light the torch of freedom that can never be extinguished."
(Mahatma Gandhi) In:MOTA, Myriam; BRAICK, Patricia. History of caves to the Third Millennium. São Paulo:Moderna, 2005. p.615.
“It will light the torch of freedom that can never be extinguished” are the words of Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) that, in the context of the Cold War, inspired movements such as
a) the intensification of the dispute for armaments between the USA and the USSR, aiming at the use of the nuclear arsenal as an instrument of deterrence and mitigation of disputes. b) the reaction of European colonialist countries aimed at reducing the power of the UN General Assembly and strengthening the power of the Secretary General and the Security Council.
c) the unilateral concessions of independence to colonies that agreed to form alliances economic, political and strategic with its former metropolises, such as the British Commonwealth of Nations and the Francophone Union.
d) the reinforcement of the “apartheid” regime in South Africa which, after arresting the leader Nelson Mandela and condemning him sentenced to life imprisonment, sought to expand racial segregation to neighboring countries, such as Rhodesia and Namibia.
e) the political, economic and military non-alignment with the USA or the USSR, a decision taken by the Third World countries gathered at the Bandung Conference, in Indonesia.

Question 09 - UFPR - 2016 - Consider the following excerpt from Nehru's speech during the Bandung conference in 1955:Today, in the world, I must suggest, not only because of the presence of these two colossus, but also because of the arrival of the atomic age and the hydrogen bomb, the very concepts of war, peace, politics have changed. We think and act in terms of the past age. [...] Now it makes no difference whether one country is more powerful than another in the use of the atomic bomb or the hydrogen bomb. One is more powerful in his downfall than the other. This means that the saturation point has been reached. If one country is powerful, the other is also […]. If there is aggression anywhere in the world, that is the limit that results in world war. It doesn't matter where the aggression comes from. If one commits aggression, there is world war.
(Translation of an excerpt from Indian Prime Minister Nehru's speech at the Bandung Conference. Available at:. Access:August 30, 2016.) At the conference held in Bandung, Indonesia, April 18-24, 1955, participating Afro-Asian countries agreed on a series of political, economic, and cultural measures.
According to this passage and the knowledge about the period of Afro-Asian decolonization, check the alternative that presents some agreements resulting from this meeting.
a) The conference condemned racism and colonialism as forms of oppression that violate human rights human rights contained in the Charter of the United Nations; defended the self-determination of peoples and a policy of non-alignment in the face of the polarization that the post-war world faced. during the period as a way out of underdevelopment and dependence.
c) The conference agreed to respect the human rights policies of each country through an agreement not to interference and non-alignment, guaranteeing the political and economic self-determination of the blocks in formation.
d) Each participating country expressed its political orientation in relation to the blocs being formed, demanding respect their cultural differences and preference in relation to the economic development model that each one chose. All of this was made possible by the non-alignment agreement signed by all.
e) For the conference, economic and cultural exchange agreements were a priority with a view to leaving independence and promote political self-determination.

Question 10 - PUC - RIO 2013 -

The photo above records the representatives of China (Zhou Enlai) and India (J. Nehru) at the conference of “non-aligned” countries, held in Bandung, Indonesia, in April 1955. Considering the importance of this political meeting, do the following:that is asked.
a) Name and explain one of the objectives of the Bandung meeting
b) Explain the principle of “non-alignment” that marked this conference.

Question 11 - Souza Marques 2001 - The Bandung Conference (Indonesia), in April 1955, represents a very important fact in the history of international relations:the “Third World” becomes militant. 29 States participate in this “international of the poor”, representing one billion people; more than half of the world's population, but only 8% of the wealth. However, the Conference is almost exclusively Afro-Asian:no State from Latin America or Oceania was represented.
Below are possible themes and decisions of this conference:
I. Anti-colonialism and peaceful coexistence;
II. The rupture of diplomatic relations with the United States;
III. Non-alignment;
IV. The creation of a common market.
(A) if only statement I is correct.
(B) if only statements I and II are correct.
(C) if only statements I and III are correct.
(D) if only statements III and IV are correct.
(And) if all statements are correct.

01 - E
02 - A
03 - D
04 - D
05 - A
06 - E
07 - B
08 - E
09 - A

10 -
a) - the defense of national independence movements that took place in African and Asian countries;
- the fight against poverty and economic exploitation;
- the fight against colonialism.
The Conference of Bandung was related to the decolonization process experienced by the Asian and African continents. The main theme of the Conference was national struggles for independence, the general objective was to avoid a new world war and reduce tensions between Americans and Soviets during the Cold War.

- respect for human rights and the principles of the Charter of the United Nations;
- respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all nations;
- recognition of equality among all nations, large and small.
- the condemnation of interference in the internal affairs of another country;
- the condemnation of any country that exerts pressure, political or military, on other countries.
br />- the search for a peaceful solution to all international conflicts, in accordance with the UN Charter.
Held in the middle of the Cold War, the conference developed the concept of the Third World, and presented the basic principles of non-alignment, which can be understood as a geopolitical diplomatic position of equidistance between the two superpowers. At that Conference, the principles that should guide relations between large and small nations were set out. These principles were later adopted as the main aims and objectives of the non-alignment policy and the central criteria for belonging to the Movement.

11 - C