The Inca art corresponds to that produced by the Inca civilization that inhabited part of the Andes, present-day Peru, between 3000 BC. and 1500 AD.
Inserted in the Inca spirituality, the art produced was sophisticated and with advanced techniques.
They produced several objects of handicraft, sculpture, architecture, musical instruments, among others.
Fibers, vegetable dyes, wood, metal and ceramics were the main materials used by the Incas, who produced utilitarian and ornamental objects, from baskets, hammocks and jewelry, in addition to painting on fabrics.
Many objects were ritualistic, that is, they were used in ceremonies. Featherwork, clothing (using a loom) and tapestry full of colors were part of Inca craftsmanship.
Inca architecture reached a high degree of technique and beauty. The adobe and the stone were the most used material to erect the constructions from houses, temples, roads, palaces, tunnels, aqueducts, among others.
The best known architectural complex of this people is in Peru, in the city of Machu Picchu.
Precious stones and especially gold were the materials most used in the production of sculptures, the most produced being figures of gods and everything related to nature:animals, vegetation, rivers, etc.
Bamboo was the main material used to create musical instruments, of which the Inca flute stands out. They played mainly to honor the gods and the elements of nature.
The Inca cuisine was very rich, which brought together vegetables, fruits, grains, cereals, breads and meats. For the Incas, quinoa was considered the sacred cereal, as it has many nutritional values.
Inca art was closely related to the religiosity of the people, where sculptures, crafts and architecture reflected their religiosity.
It is worth remembering that the Inca religion was polytheistic, that is, they believed in several gods, related to elements of nature:rain, thunder, sun, moon, wind, among others.
Also learn about the art produced by other peoples who inhabited America, called pre-Columbian peoples, that is, the peoples who inhabited America before the arrival of the Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus, the first conqueror of America:
- Aztec Art
- Mayan Art
Art History Quiz7Graus Quiz - How much do you know about the History of Art? See also:History of Art:definition, aspects and periods
To learn more about the topic, see the articles :
- Machu Picchu
- Inca culture
- Pre-Columbian Peoples