Millennium History

Historical Figures

  • José Manuel de Guirior

    José Manuel de Guirior (1708 – 1788) XXXII Viceroy of Peru , knight of the order of San Juan and gentleman of the chamber of the king of Spain. He was born in Aoiz (Navarra) on March 21, 1708. Son of José Carlos de Guirior Erdozaín and María Josefa Portal de Huarte. In 1733 he was admitted as a ship

  • Miguel Grau

    Miguel Grau Seminary , hero of the navy. He was born in San Miguel de Piura on July 27, 1834. Son of Colombian Juan Manuel Grau y Berrío and Josefa Luisa Seminario y del Castillo. His childhood was spent between the city of Piura, then small and village, and the port of Paita, where he began his car

  • Manuel González Prada

    Manuel González Prada (1844-1918). Intellectual and political. Son of Francisco González de Prada and María Josefa Ulloa. Baptized as José Manuel de los Reyes, the future writer was born on January 5, 1844 and died on July 22, 1818. After a period at the Colegio Inglés de Valparaíso (Chile), where h

  • Francisco Gil de Taboada

    Francisco Gil de Taboada Lemus, XXXV Viceroy of Peru . Son of Felipe Gil de Taboada and María Josefa de Lemus. He was born in Santa María de Sotolongo (Galicia) in 1733. At the age of 19 he sat as a midshipman and was invested with the habit of a professed knight of the order of Saint John of Jerusa

  • Inca Garcilaso de la Vega

    Inca Garcilaso de la Vega , was born on April 12, 1539, the son of Captain Sebastián Garcilaso de la Vega and the ñusta Isabel Chimpu Ocllo, granddaughter of the Inca Tupac Yupanqui. He was baptized with the name of Gómez Suárez de Figueroa and there is some news of his childhood and youth from his

  • Agustín Gamarra

    Agustín Gamarra Messia was a military man, president of the Republic. He embodies the figure of the caudillo of the first years of our republican life. He was born in Cuzco on August 27, 1785 . He was the son of Don Francisco Gamarra, a Spanish scribe, and Doña Josefa Petronila Messia, an indigenous

  • José Gálvez

    Jose Galvez Egusquiza , was born in Cajamarca on March 17, 1819 and died in Callao on May 2, 1866. Son of Colonel Lima José Gálvez y Paz , who was a deputy in 1826 and founded the Cajamarca College of Sciences, and the lady of Cajamarca María Micaela de Egúsquiza y Aristizábal . He studied at the Ce

  • Pancho Fierro

    Francisco Fierro Palas (1809-1879), popular painter known as Pancho Fierro . He was born in Lima in 1809, his parents being Nicolás Fierro and Carmen Palas. Apparently, his ability to paint was innate, although the lack of a refined technique evidences his self-taught training. His activity was perm

  • Diego Fernández de Córdoba

    Diego Fernández de Córdoba, first Marquis of Guadalcázar and XIII Viceroy of Peru . He was born in Seville in 1578. Son of Francisco Fernández de Córdoba y Portocarrero, twenty-four of the Córdoba council, and Doña Francisca Melgarejo de las Roelas. He was a knight of the Order of Santiago and gentl

  • José Rufino Echenique

    Jose Rufino Echenique Benavente , Republic President. Born in Puno on November 16, 1808, he was the son of José Martín Echenique Vásquez and Hermenegilda Benavente Macoaga. During the initial riots of the Pumacahua revolution and at only six years of age, he was kidnapped and dedicated to herding. C

  • Baltasar de la Cueva Enríquez

    Baltasar de la Cueva Enriquez , was Count of Castellar and XX Viceroy of Peru. He was born in Madrid in 1626. Second son of Don Francisco de la Cueva and Doña Ana Enríquez . He studied Civil and Canon Law at the University of Salamanca, where he opted for the title of licentiate in 1647, later exerc

  • Theodore Francis de Croix

    Teodoro Francisco de Croix, XXXIV Viceroy of Peru , knight of the Walloon nobility. Son of Alejandro Francisco Maximiliano de Croix, Marquis of Heuchin, and Isabel Clara Eugenia de Heuchin Longastre. He was born in the Château de la Prévote, near Lille, on June 30, 1730. At the age of 16 he entered

  • Sarita Colonia

    Sara Colonia Zambrano or better known as Sarita Colonia was born on March 1, 1914 in Huaraz (Ancash) , city in which she spent the first years of her life. She is the daughter of Amadeo Colonia Flores and Rosalía Zambrano. Her family life developed in the midst of acute economic hardship, accentuate

  • Pedro Cieza de León

    Pedro Cieza de Leon , called by the historian Raúl Porras prince of the chroniclers . He was born in the town of Llerena, province of Badajoz (Spain) in 1518. He was the son of Lope de León and Leonor Cazalla. He left Seville for the Indies in 1535 at the age of thirteen. Due to his young age, when

  • José Santos Chocano

    José Santos Chocano Gastañodi (1875 – 1934), the poet was born on May 14, 1875 . His father was José Félix Chocano de Zela and his mother María Aurora Gastañodi de la Vega. The poet boasted of descending from the Spanish captain Gonzalo Fernández de Córdova. Controversial and arrogant, his life was

  • Jorge Chavez

    Jorge Chavez Dartnell , forerunner of aviation. Son of Manuel Chávez Moreyra and María Rosa Dartnell and Guise, Jorge Chávez. He was born on January 13, 1887. His mother had among his grandparents Admiral Jorge Martín Guise , hero of independence, founder of the Peruvian navy and died in the comba

  • Ramón Castilla

    Ramón Castilla y Marquesado , President of the Republic between 1845-1851 and 1855-1862. Son of Pedro de Castilla from Buenos Aires and Juana Marquesado Romero, Tarapaqueña with Indian blood, Ramón Castilla was born on August 30, 1797. During his childhood, according to Clemente Markham, he worked a

  • Meliton Carvajal

    Meliton Manuel Carvajal Ambulodegui , was born in Lima on March 10, 1847. He studied at the Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe National College, later moving on to the Military Naval College (1860), where he graduated three years later as a midshipman. With the rank of frigate lieutenant he joined the cre

  • Daniel Alcides Carrión

    Daniel Alcides Carrión García , was born in Cerro de Pasco on May 15, 1857. Son of the Ecuadorian doctor and lawyer Baltazar Carrión and Dolores García Navarro. He lost his father at the age of eight. He studied at the public school in Tarma and at the national school of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Lim

  • Augusto Cardich Loarte

    Augusto Cardich Loarte , was born on April 22, 1924 in the province of La Unión, department of Huánuco. He did his first studies at school No. 391 in his native land and then went to Lima, studying high school at the San Agustín school. He graduated as an agronomist from the National University of L

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