Millennium History

History of South America

  • Bill Aberdeen Law

    The Bill Aberdeen Act was enacted on August 8, 1845 by England prohibiting the African slave trade. In this way, the British navy pursued, intercepted and imprisoned the slave ships that transported slaves across the South Atlantic. Once the boat was captured, the slaves were returned to Africa an

  • Revolt of Copacabana Fort

    The Revolt of Copacabana Fort (Os 18 do Forte or Revolta dos 18 do Forte de Copacabana) was a political-military movement, considered the first revolt of the tenentista movement. Tenentistas had positivist ideals, were linked to the armed forces, fought for a democratic policy in a way that they t

  • Additional Act of 1834

    The Additional Act from 1834 was a set of changes introduced in the Constitution of 1824. Historical Context Members of the Trina Regency:Brigadier Francisco de Lima e Silva and Senators José Joaquim Campos and Nicolau de Campos Vergueiro. Brazil was going through a troubled moment. With the abd

  • Presidentialism

    The Presidentialism is a system of government created in the United States in 1787 to be used as a model in Democratic Republics. In it, each of the branches (Executive, Legislative and Judiciary) must supervise and balance the others, without any preponderance of any of them over the others. All

  • Petrobras History

    Petrobras is the largest oil company in Brazil and one of the largest in the world . Its creation in 1953, during the government of Getúlio Vargas, marked the 50s. On October 3, 2013, the company celebrated its 60th anniversary. The name of the well-known Petrobras is, in fact, Petróleo Brasileiro

  • Dutch Invasions

    The Dutch Invasions in Brazil were a series of incursions by the Republic of the United Provinces (Holland) during the 17th century. They took place in Bahia in 1624, in Pernambuco in 1630 and in Maranhão in 1641. The purpose was to regain and maintain control over sugar production and trade in th

  • Antônio Conselheiro

    Antonio Counselor (1830-1897) was a religious leader and the founder of the Belo Monte village, better known as Canudos. He was considered a religious fanatic at the time he lived, as this was a way for the republican government to justify the massacre perpetrated against his followers. Biography

  • Cohen Plan

    The Cohen Plan was a supposed document attributed to the communists, which would contain a project for the overthrow of the government of Getúlio Vargas and the establishment of a communist regime in Brazil. The discovery of the plan, announced by the government on the radio on September 30, 1937,

  • Padre Anchieta

    Father José de Anchieta, missionary of the Company of Jesus , also known as the apostle of Brazil , was thus distinguished by the fact of having participated in the beginning of the catechization in Brazilian lands. José de Anchieta was beatified in 1980 and canonized in 2014 . Biography José de An

  • Revolta de Vila Rica

    The Vila Rica Revolt is also known as the Filipe dos Santos Revolt, as this is the name of its leader. It was a movement that took place in 1720 that aimed at the economic and social change in Brazil, which consisted especially in the implantation of the republican regime so that the country could f

  • Fique Day

    The Fico Day, January 9, 1822 is the date carried out by the regent of Brazil, Prince Dom Pedro, who decides to go against the orders of the Portuguese Courts and remain in Brazil. The event got its name because, at the time, D. Pedro uttered the phrase that would become famous: This decision is c

  • Barão do Rio Branco

    The Barão do Rio Branco was a Brazilian journalist, politician and diplomat. He was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Brazil from 1902-1912. It passed into Brazilian history for having resolved important border issues with Argentina, France and Bolivia. After all, it incorporated 900,000 km into Brazi

  • Law of the Free Womb

    The Law of the Free Womb or Lei Rio Branco (Law nº 2040) is considered the first abolitionist law in Brazil. It was presented by the Viscount of Rio Branco (1819-1880), of the Conservative Party, and sanctioned by Princess Isabel on September 28, 1871. The law, among other resolutions, granted fre

  • Brazilian Integralist Action

    The Brazilian Integralist Action (AIB) was a political organization created in 1932 by Plínio Salgado and was the first mass party in Brazil. Initially, they supported the Vargas government. However, with the establishment of the Estado Novo (1937), they promoted the Integralist Levante, which took

  • West India Company

    The West India Company, DutchWest-IndischeCompagnie, was a Dutch trading company, founded in 1621 , with the objective of promoting an economic war against Spain and Portugal. The Iberian monopoly on trade between Europe and the Americas was a political and economic nuisance and the company was foun

  • 1964 Military Coup

    The Military Coup 1964 was triggered on the night of March 31, with the deposition of President João Goulart. This action against a legally constituted government marked the beginning of the military dictatorship in Brazil, which would last until 1984. Among the main justifications for the coup wa

  • Sexagenarian Law (1885)

    The Law of Sexagenarians or Saraiva-Cotegipe Law (n.º 3.270), corresponds to one of the Abolitionist Laws, alongside the Eusébio de Queirós Law, the Free Womb Law and the Golden Law. It was enacted on September 28, 1885 and granted freedom to slaves aged 60 or over. Abstract In 1884 the Sexagenari

  • Portuguese Africa

    APortuguese Africa comprises the territories that were colonized by the Portuguese during the 15th-16th century on the African continent. As a result of overseas expansion, the territories that today belong to Guinea-Bissau, Angola, São Tomé and Príncipe, Cape Verde and Mozambique were dominated.

  • Amnesty Law

    Amnesty is the legal act in which political crimes committed within a certain period of time are forgotten. In Brazil, the 1979 Amnesty Law allowed the return of all those accused of political crimes during the military regime. Meaning The word amnesty comes from the Greek “amnesty ” and means obl

  • Republic of the Sword

    TheRepublic of the Sword (1889-1894) corresponds to the first period of the Old Republic, in which political power in Brazil was in the hands of the military. The presidents of this period were Deodoro da Fonseca and Floriano Peixoto. Provisional Government The day after the Republican Coup, a Pro

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