Millennium History

History of South America

  • Lula Government

    The Lula government comprises the two terms of office of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, from 2003 to 2010. His administration lifted thousands of people out of absolute poverty, but was marred by cases of corruption such as the mensalão . Despite this, Lula managed to elect his successor, fo

  • Sabinada

    The Sabinada was an armed uprising that took place in the province of Bahia, between November 1837 and March 1838, with the city of Salvador as the main stage. The movement is named after its leader, Francisco Sabino Álvares da Rocha Vieira , republican, physician, journalist and federalist revolut

  • Tropicalism

    The Tropicalism was an avant-garde cultural movement that took place in Brazil in the years 1967 and 1968 in the arts, especially in music. Characterized as a libertarian and revolutionary movement, it sought to move away a little from the intellectualism of Bossa Nova, in order to bring Brazilian

  • Dom Pedro I

    Dom Pedro I or Pedro I of Brazil was the first Emperor of Brazil who ruled during the period 1822 and 1831. It was he who declared the Independence of Brazil on September 7, 1822 and granted the first Constitution in 1824. Biography Portrait of Dom Pedro I by Simplício Rodrigues de Sá (1830) Pedr

  • Discovery of Brazil

    The “Discovery” of Brazil happened on April 22, 1500 , when the Portuguese arrived in the lands that today belong to Brazil. This event, which marked the history of our country, was the result of the intellectual effort and of several maritime expeditions carried out by Portuguese navigators. Incr

  • First Reign

    The First Reign corresponds to the period from September 7, 1822 to April 7, 1831, in which Brazil was ruled by D. Pedro I, the first emperor of Brazil. In other words, this period begins with the Independence of Brazil and ends with the abdication of Dom Pedro I. The First Reign was marked by dis

  • General Strike of 1917

    The General Strike of 1917 was a movement provoked by the workers and merchants of São Paulo in the months of June and July. Workers asked for better working conditions and salary increases. After five days of general strikes, the strikers had their demands met. Aspect of a factory in São Paulo i

  • Constitution of 1988

    The Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil , Citizen Constitution or simply Constitution of 1988 was enacted on October 5, 1988. It was the seventh constitution of Brazil since its independence in 1822 and the sixth of the republican period. Abstract Deputy Ulysses Guimarães holds up

  • Whip Revolt

    The Revolt of the Whip was a military agitation in the Brazilian Navy, which took place in Rio de Janeiro, from November 22 to 27, 1910. The fight against physical punishment, low wages and terrible working conditions are the main causes of the revolt. Historical Context At the time, it is worth n

  • Revolution of 1930

    The Revolution of 1930 It was a coup that deposed President Washington Luís on October 24, 1930. The movement was organized by the states of Minas Gerais, Paraíba and Rio Grande do Sul and prevented the inauguration of president-elect Júlio Prestes, on the grounds of electoral fraud. The popular d

  • First Capital of Brazil - Salvador

    Brazil already had 3 capitals:Salvador, Rio de Janeiro and Curitiba. The first Brazilian capital was Salvador, between 1549 and 1763, and then Rio de Janeiro, from 1763 to 1960. A little known fact is that the city of Curitiba was named capital of Brazil for three days, from March 24 to 27, 1969.

  • Constitution of 1891

    The Constitution of 1891 it was the first Constitution of Brazil of the republican era. Its characteristics were the institution of the presidential republican regime and the separation between the State and the Church. Historical Context Preamble of the first republican Constitution of Brazil B

  • Formation of the Brazilian People:history and miscegenation

    The Brazilian people are the result of the miscegenation of several peoples. The indigenous, Portuguese and Africans are the main groups. However, there are several European and Asian immigrants who came to Brazil, especially from the 19th century onwards, who also formed the Brazilian people. Ind

  • Immigration in Brazil

    The process of immigration in Brazil began in 1850 with the end of the slave trade. Wanting to erase the Brazilian slaveholding heritage, the government began to encourage the entry of European immigrants, in order to promote the whitening of the population. Characteristics of immigration in Brazi

  • Second Reign

    The Second Reign corresponds to the period from July 23, 1840 to November 15, 1889, when Brazil was under the reign of D. Pedro II (1825-1891). It was characterized as a time of relative peace between the Brazilian provinces, the gradual abolition of slavery and the Paraguayan War (1864-1870). It

  • Brazil's Economy

    The Brazilian economy is considered, in 2018, the ninth world economy and the first in Latin America, according to IMF data. Brazils GDP is estimated at 2.14 trillion dollars. The country reached the position of seventh world economy in 1995 and has remained among the top ten economies since then.

  • Halt Vote

    The halt vote represented an imposing and arbitrary electoral form imposed by the colonels. Definition Halter vow is an expression given by the superposition of two words. Thus, we have Vote , which is the full exercise of democracy; and the word Halt , from Latin capistrum , which means gag or br

  • Brazil in World War II

    The Brazilian participation in the Second World War began on September 16, 1944, lasted seven months and aimed to liberate Italy. Brazil in World War II Brazil entered World War II after giving in to pressure from the US government to end the period of neutrality adopted by President Getúlio Vargas

  • Freedom of Speech

    Freedom of Expression it is the right that allows people to express their opinions without fear of reprisals. Likewise, it authorizes the information to be received by different means, independently and without censorship. In other words, it means the right to express a personal opinion or that of

  • Treaty of Tordesillas

    The Treaty of Tordesillas was an agreement between the kingdom of Portugal and the kingdom of Castile, celebrated on June 7, 1494, in the city of Tordesillas (Spain). By this treaty, Castilians and Portuguese divided the new world, through a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde Archipelago,

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