Millennium History

History of South America

  • Redemocratization of Brazil

    It is considered that there was redemocratization of Brazil in two moments of its republican history: In 1945 - when Getúlio Vargas was removed from office; In 1985 - at the end of the military dictatorship. Democracy Before understanding what “redemocratization” is, it is necessary to define de

  • The 50's

    The 1950s became known as the “Golden Years ”. It is a decade of technological revolutions with evident social implications, especially when we consider the communicational point of view, as it is in this period that advertisements invade radio and the new arrival of television. The United States b

  • Orixás do Brasil

    Orixás are gods worshiped by many African beliefs, being linked to family and clans. In Brazil, the following orixás are worshiped:Exú, Ogun, Omulu, Xapanã or Abaluaiê, Xangô, Yasan, Oxossi, Nanan, Yemanjá, Oxum, Oxunmarê, Ossain and Oxalá. The orixás hold axés linked to nature. The word axé is of

  • Porto's Liberal Revolution

    The Liberal Revolution of Porto was a movement that took place in 1820, in the city of Porto, in Portugal. Among several demands, the members demanded the promulgation of a Constitution and the return of the Portuguese Court that was in Brazil. Historical Context Disembarkation of King Dom João V

  • Arda Revolt

    The Armed Revolt (1891-1894), which took place in Rio de Janeiro, was a rebellion carried out by the Navy, which at the time was called “Armada” and hence the name of this movement. The rebellion begins with the closing of Congress by President Deodoro da Fonseca, on November 3, 1891, and ends with

  • Education in Brazil

    Education in Brazil begins with the arrival of the Portuguese, when priests assumed the role of catechists and teachers of the Indians. Thus, history has its beginning marked by the relationship established between religion and literacy, until the Jesuits were expelled from the country in 1759. On

  • Indigenous Slavery in Colonial Brazil

    indigenous slavery it has existed since the beginning of Portuguese colonization in Brazil, especially between the years 1540 to 1570. It is an alternative to African labor during the entire period of Colonial Brazil. However, as the indigenous were considered subjects of the Portuguese Crown, ensl

  • The Construction of Brasilia

    The Construction of Brasilia took place between 1956 and 1960. The move of the capital of Brazil, from Rio de Janeiro to the Central Plateau, required an enormous amount of financial, material and human resources. President Juscelino Kubitschek, however, used it as nationalist and modernist propaga

  • New Status

    The New State corresponds to the period in which Getúlio Vargas (1882-1954) ruled Brazil from 1937 to 1945, at the last moment of the Vargas Era , marked by authoritarianism , censorship and centralization of power . On November 10, 1937, Getúlio Vargas carried out a coup that established the Estad

  • Music of the Military Dictatorship

    Brazilian popular music was one of the main instruments used to contest the military dictatorship (1964-1985). The lyrics of several songs indicated dissatisfaction with the regime and several songwriters were targets of censorship and persecution. Pointing out direct dissatisfaction or using meta

  • Brasil Império

    The Brazil Empire comprises the period from 1822 to 1889 when the country was ruled by a constitutional monarchy. This period began with the acclamation of Emperor D. Pedro I, in 1822, and lasted until the Proclamation of the Republic, in 1889. First Reign (1822-1831) Officially, the Empire of Br

  • Quilombo dos Palmares

    The Quilombo dos Palmares was one of the many quilombos of the Brazilian colonial era and its origin dates back to 1580. Palmares was the refuge for runaway slaves from the captaincies of Pernambuco and Bahia. What is Quilombo? The word “quilombo ” has Bantu etymology and refers to the warrior ca

  • Provisional Government (1930-1934)

    Its called provisional government the period from 1930 to 1934, when Getúlio Vargas ruled Brazil, after the victory of the 1930 Revolution. This moment was marked by the tension between the centralization of power around Vargas and the discontent of the former state oligarchies. Revolution of 1930

  • Cangaço

    The Cangaço was a social movement that took place in the northeast of the country in the 19th and 20th centuries. In it, the cangaceiros demonstrated their dissatisfaction with the precarious conditions in which the majority of the Northeastern population found themselves, since power was concentra

  • Abolitionism

    The Abolitionism is the movement that emerged at the end of the 18th century, in Europe, with the aim of putting an end to slavery. In Brazil, the ideal emerged with force in the second half of the 19th century and contributed to the end of slavery in the country. Popular Movements There were many

  • Marquesa de Santos

    Domitila de Castro Canto e Mello, the Marquesa de Santos , she was the best known mistress of Emperor Dom Pedro I. Marquesa de Santos portrayed with the sash of the Order of Saint Isabel. Biography Domitila de Castro Canto e Mello was born in São Paulo, in 1797, in the middle of one of the most

  • João Goulart

    João Goulart or Jango , as he became known, was the twenty-fourth President of the Republic of Brazil . He assumed the presidency of the country, with the resignation of Jânio Quadros , ruling Brazil from 1961 to 1964. Biography of João Goulart João Belchior Marques Goulart was born at the Estanc

  • Saci's Day:October 31

    Saci Day is celebrated on October 31 , the same day that Halloween is celebrated . The date was created in 2003, with the aim of rescuing and valuing the folklore of our country, promoting national culture and Brazilian traditions. The Saci-pererê is one of the most emblematic figures of Brazilian

  • Parliamentarianism

    The Parliamentarism it is a political system of English origin in which power is concentrated in Parliaments and which can be used both in Republics and in Constitutional Monarchies; however, this system exists only in Democratic States. To better understand this concept:Democracy. Key Features T

  • Ernesto Geisel

    Ernesto Geisel was a military man, politician and the 29th President of the Republic of Brazil. He ruled the country from 1974 to 1979. Biography Ernesto Beckmann Geisel was born on August 3, 1907, in the city of Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul. He was the son of German Lutherans Wilhelm Augus

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